[1]齐康,夏祖华.商业、文化建筑羣与人流——建筑羣专题之二[J].东南大学学报(自然科学版),1964,6(1):7-28.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.1964.01.002]
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商业、文化建筑羣与人流——建筑羣专题之二()
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《东南大学学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:1001-0505/CN:32-1178/N]

卷:
6
期数:
1964年第1期
页码:
7-28
栏目:
本刊信息
出版日期:
1964-03-20

文章信息/Info

Title:
The pedestrian flows and the commercial,cultural building groups
作者:
齐康夏祖华
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关键词:
人流 文化建筑 建筑群布局 交叉口 商业文化 商业街道 不均衡 商业建筑 建筑布置 电影院
分类号:
+
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.1964.01.002
摘要:
本文研究了人流活动与商业文化建筑群布局的关系。建筑群空间尺度、吸引人流点的相互位置及空间中的引导、分隔物的布局与人流活动均有一定关系,研究以上诸关系有利于进行建筑群布局。城市人流汇集的方向影响着市中心建筑群的位置和发展方向。人流往往汇集于道路交义口,调查证明旧商业建筑群往有由交叉口开始发展的现象。利用步行交叉口,特别是丁字交叉口布置商业建筑群是良好的处理方法之一。调查资料证明城市现状的商业、文化建筑群中往往呈现人流活动不均衡的现象,它由于多种因素而造成,人流活动均衡与不均衡的现象影响着建筑群的布局。本文中用调查资料证明影剧院等场和疏散人流具有一定的冲击力和强度,文中列举了现状的三种影剧院布置的形式,阐述其中人流活动的特点,提出影剧院后退红线布置或与次要吸引点结合布置等均是合适的布置方法。
Abstract:
The scale of building groups,the places of attraction and the planning of the buildings,all have a certain relationship with the pedestrian flows.A discussion of these relationships would be useful to the planning of these building groups. In the town centres,the direction of the movement of people always influences the placing of buildings and their development. Surveying at road crossings,one can find where the pedestrians always ga- thered,thus the commercial buildings were always sprug from these places also.If we will take a fine places of the commercial buildings,we can use these crossings, esp.the‘T’ crossing. After analysis our investigation,we can find the unbalance of pedestrain flows in the streets or in the squares.The phenomenon of balance and unbalance pede- strain flows can influence the planning of building groups.These all caused by many factors. According to the same investiagation,the second part of the same article proves that there exists many spectators waiting and scattering in front of theatres and they,have a certain intensrty and impact.The authors have also analysed the layout of theatres and discussed the characters of flows respeetively.Finally some suggestions are made about the ways and means to set back the theatres and com bine them with shops.
更新日期/Last Update: 2013-05-01