[1]杨廷宝,郭湖生.中国古代建筑的艺术传统[J].东南大学学报(自然科学版),1982,12(3):1-13.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.1982.03.001]
 Yang Ting-bao,and Guo Hu-sheng.Traditional Characteristics of the Art of Ancient Chinese Architecture[J].Journal of Southeast University (Natural Science Edition),1982,12(3):1-13.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.1982.03.001]
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中国古代建筑的艺术传统()
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《东南大学学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:1001-0505/CN:32-1178/N]

卷:
12
期数:
1982年第3期
页码:
1-13
栏目:
本刊信息
出版日期:
1982-09-20

文章信息/Info

Title:
Traditional Characteristics of the Art of Ancient Chinese Architecture
作者:
杨廷宝郭湖生
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Author(s):
Yang Ting-bao and Guo Hu-sheng
关键词:
中国古代建筑体系 建筑艺术 建筑物 艺术传统 建筑群 对称布局 装饰手法 营造法式 木结构 壁画
分类号:
+
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.1982.03.001
摘要:
中国古代建筑艺术,是结构与造型及装饰工艺经长期发展而成的协调统一的艺术体系。它是世界上古老的、成熟的、风格独特的建筑体系之一。中国古代建筑以木结构为主体,它的基本造型特点来自结构的内在要求。中国古代建筑常由若干单体组合成群,形成有层次、有主从、有韵律的空间布局,用逐步展开和先后对比的手法增强艺术效果。常常形成对称布局,但在非对称布局方面也有丰富的经验。中国古代建筑有丰富的内部空间处理手法。空间的垂直分割和水平分割互相贯通穿插,极为灵活多变。中国古代建筑,除了对建筑构件进行艺术处理外,还采取多种材料用于装饰,发展成为多种专门工艺,重要的如木雕、石雕、砖雕、金属件、镏金、琉璃、镶嵌、织物、编竹等工艺,作为建筑和陈设的装饰手段。中国古代重视色彩效果,并且发展了壁画和木构上的彩绘,以及琉璃、金箔的色彩和光泽特性的运用,形成绚丽多彩的风貌。中国古建筑遗产中包含着极为丰富的经验,是发展现代中国建筑文化的源泉。
Abstract:
Through a long path of historical development the are of ancient chinese architecture has become an old, mature and unique style in the world. Within in the structural system, the artistic form and the decorative feature are harmoniously integrated. Ancient chinese buildiugs were chiefly constructed with wood. Thus the basic architectural characteristics resulted naturally from the requirement of the structural system itself. Chinese architecture is often composed of a group of separate buildings. Their arrangement displays the sequence, order, and rhythm of the entire complex in space formation. In order to emphasize the artistic effect, the procedure is developed step by step through contrast between different elements. Symmetry is the general rule, but non-symmetrical layout also reveals the planner’s rich experience. Ancient chineese builders showed great skill in arrangment of interior spaces. They allowed great flexibility through merging and inter penetration both in the vertical and horizontal divisions of areas and volumes. In decorating constructural elements, archi’tectural ornament may be of various materials—carved wood, stone or brick sculpture, metal works, gilded bronze, glazed tiles, textile, bomboo craft, inlaid works on furnishings with jade and ivory, etc. Colour effect accounts for another characteristic, like using pigment in fresco, paint on wooden members, gilt metals and glazed tiles. All these make the buildings vivid and brilliant. A wealth of skill and experience in chinese architectural heritage can serve as fountainhead today to develop modren chinese architeeural culture.
更新日期/Last Update: 2013-05-01