[1]罗军舟.网络地址转换技术的实现与发展[J].东南大学学报(自然科学版),2002,32(3):318-324.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2002.03.003]
 Luo Junzhou.Implementation and development of network address translation technology[J].Journal of Southeast University (Natural Science Edition),2002,32(3):318-324.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2002.03.003]
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网络地址转换技术的实现与发展()
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《东南大学学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:1001-0505/CN:32-1178/N]

卷:
32
期数:
2002年第3期
页码:
318-324
栏目:
计算机科学与工程
出版日期:
2002-05-20

文章信息/Info

Title:
Implementation and development of network address translation technology
作者:
罗军舟
东南大学计算机科学与工程系,南京 210096
Author(s):
Luo Junzhou
Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096, China
关键词:
网络地址转换 TCP/IP IP地址 网关 协议
Keywords:
network address translation(NAT) TCP/IP IP address gateway protocol
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2002.03.003
摘要:
网络地址转换(NAT)技术是解决当前Internet网络IP地址匮乏的一种有效手段,同时又是一项网络边界安全防范措施.本文在分析了NAT基本原理基础上,详细阐述了NAT网关的注册地址分配策略、路由策略、IP数据报的修改以及安全和加密等技术细节,给出了NAT在网络层的实现策略,包括TCP/IP驱动系统的结构、IP协议在Linux中的实现和NAT技术在IP层的实现.最后,文章展望了NAT技术的发展趋势:端口地址转换PAT和NAT的跨主干网技术.
Abstract:
Network address translation(NAT)technology is an efficient way to solve the IP address depletion problem in the current Internet, and is also a security measurement of network border defense. Based on the analysis of NAT’s basic principles, this paper expounds the details of the technologies, mainly on NAT gateway, including the registration address allocation strategy, the routing strategy, the modification of IP datagram, and security and encryption techniques. It also puts forward the implementation strategies of NAT in IP layer, which includes the structure of TCP/IP driver, the realization of IP protocols in Linux, and the realization of NAT technology in IP layer. Finally, the paper prospects the development trend of NAT technology, such as port address translation(PAT)and the cross backbone technology of NAT.

参考文献/References:

[1] Egevang K,Francis P.RFC1631,The IP network address translator(NAT)[S].May 1994
[2] Srisuresh P,Gan D.RFC 2391,Load Sharing using IP Network Address Translation(LSNAT)[S].August 1998.
[3] Srisuresh P,Holdrege M.RFC 2663,IP Network Address Translator(NAT)Terminology and Considerations[S].August 1999.
[4] Lee Eunsang,Chae Hyunseok,Park Byoung-Soo,et al.An expanded NAT with server connection ability[A].In:Proc of the IEEE Region 10 Conference on TENCON[C].1999.1391-1394.
[5] Shieh Shiuhpyng,Ho Fushen,Huang Yu-Lun,et al.Network address translators:effects on security protocols and applications in the TCP/IP stack[J].IEEE Internet Computing,2000,4(6):42-49.
[6] Zhao Xiaoyu,Ma Yan.Linux based NAT-PT gateway implementation[A].In:Proc of International Conferences on Info-tech and Info-net[C].Beijing,2001.258-263.
[7] Idoue A,Yokota H,Kato T.Mobile IP network supporting private IP addresses utilizing regional registration and NAT function[A].In:Proc of Eighth International Conference on Parallel and Distributed Systems[C].2001.141-146.
[8] Kato T,Idoue A,Yokota H.Mobile IP using private IP addresses[A].In:Proc of Sixth IEEE Symposium on Computers and Communications[C].2001.491-497.
[9] Zaccone C,T’Joens Y,Sales B.Address reuse in the Internet,adjourning or suspending the adoption of IP next generation ?[A].In:Proc of IEEE International Conference on Networks[C].2000.462-468.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
基金项目: 江苏省应用研究基础资助项目(BJ000002)、教育部“跨世纪优秀人才培养计划”基金项目、“东南大学计算机网络和信息集成教育部重点实验室”访问学者基金资助项目(93K9).
作者简介: 罗军舟(1960—), 男, 博士, 教授, 博士生导师, jluo@seu.edu.cn.
更新日期/Last Update: 2002-05-20