[1]吴科,吕剑虹,向文国,等.ALSTOM气化炉的分散PID控制[J].东南大学学报(自然科学版),2008,38(4):662-667.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2008.04.023]
 Wu Ke,Lü Jianhong,Xiang Wenguo,et al.Decentralized PID control for ALSTOM gasifier[J].Journal of Southeast University (Natural Science Edition),2008,38(4):662-667.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2008.04.023]
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ALSTOM气化炉的分散PID控制()
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《东南大学学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:1001-0505/CN:32-1178/N]

卷:
38
期数:
2008年第4期
页码:
662-667
栏目:
自动化
出版日期:
2008-07-20

文章信息/Info

Title:
Decentralized PID control for ALSTOM gasifier
作者:
吴科 吕剑虹 向文国 丁维明
东南大学能源与环境学院, 南京 210096
Author(s):
Wu Ke Lü Jianhong Xiang Wenguo Ding Weiming
School of Energy and Environment, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096, China
关键词:
自动控制技术 ALSTOM气化炉 非线性 多变量 PID控制器 分散控制
Keywords:
automatic control technique ALSTOM gasifier nonlinear multivariable proportional-integral-derivative(PID)controller decentralized control
分类号:
TP273
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2008.04.023
摘要:
针对ALSTOM气化炉的非线性、多变量动态特性,提出了2种基于常规PID控制器的气化炉多变量控制方案.方案1首先通过相对增益矩阵分析法确定气化炉输入变量与输出变量之间的关联程度,然后确定多变量控制方案; 而方案2是对国外学者提出的一种不能满足全部测试要求的方案的改进.对2种控制方案进行了详细的多工况仿真测试,测试结果表明:方案1只要在适当放宽煤量改变速率限制的情况下,不仅可以满足ALSTOM气化炉的基准测试要求,而且各项控制指标均优于方案2; 方案2能严格满足各项基准测试要求,但系统总的动态控制品质逊于方案1.与许多复杂控制算法如模型预测控制不同,控制方案基于常规PID控制,便于工程实现,对工业应用具有更好的指导意义.
Abstract:
According to the strong nonlinearity and multivariable characteristics of the ALSTOM gasifier, two multivariable conventional proportional-integral-derivative(PID)controller-based control schemes are proposed. Scheme 1 is derived after the cross coupling is determined using relative gain array analysis. Scheme 2 is an improvement upon the predecessor’s work which could not meet all the specifications. The extensive simulations on different operating points show that with the coal feed constraint relaxed to some extent, scheme 1 can meet all the specifications of the benchmark problem, its control performance is better than that of scheme 2. And scheme 2 can strictly meet all the specifications of the benchmark test but the performance is not as good as that of scheme 1. Unlike the previously proposed complex control algorithms(such as model predictive control), these two schemes adopt the traditional PID control algorithm which can be easily implemented in practice, thus, providing better guidelines to the industrial applications.

参考文献/References:

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
作者简介: 吴科(1981—),男,博士生; 吕剑虹(联系人),男,博士,教授,博士生导师,jhlu_seu@yahoo.com.cn.
基金项目: 国家高技术研究发展计划(863计划)资助项目(2006AA05A107)、江苏省科技成果转化专项资金资助项目(BA2007008).
引文格式: 吴科,吕剑虹,向文国,等.ALSTOM气化炉的分散PID控制[J].东南大学学报:自然科学版,2008,38(4):662-667.
更新日期/Last Update: 2008-07-20