[1]廖鹏.繁忙船闸的船舶待闸时间分析与估算[J].东南大学学报(自然科学版),2009,39(2):408-412.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2009.02.042]
 Liao Peng.Estimation and analysis on delays at busy waterway lock[J].Journal of Southeast University (Natural Science Edition),2009,39(2):408-412.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2009.02.042]
点击复制

繁忙船闸的船舶待闸时间分析与估算()
分享到:

《东南大学学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:1001-0505/CN:32-1178/N]

卷:
39
期数:
2009年第2期
页码:
408-412
栏目:
其他
出版日期:
2009-03-20

文章信息/Info

Title:
Estimation and analysis on delays at busy waterway lock
作者:
廖鹏
东南大学交通学院,南京 210096
Author(s):
Liao Peng
School of Transportation, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096, China
关键词:
船闸 待闸时间 排队模型 京杭运河
Keywords:
waterway lock delay queuing model Grand Canal
分类号:
U641.2
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2009.02.042
摘要:
为了反映内河船闸的服务质量,并为船闸工程的经济评价提供基础数据,以目前国内仅有的京杭运河施桥船闸多年运行实测资料为例,统计分析了繁忙船闸的船舶待闸时间特点,并基于G/G/1排队模型,建立了估算繁忙船闸船舶待闸时间的近似数学模型.结果表明:该繁忙船闸的船队待闸时间主要分布在16 h以内,单机船的待闸时间主要分布在6 h以内或者14~22 h之间; 船舶待闸时间的长短不仅与其交通负荷有关,还与船舶到闸和过闸的离散程度有关; 模型能够合理地给出船舶的平均待闸时间,而且船舶待闸时间的理论分布与实测数据吻合程度良好.说明该模型是可靠的,能够用来估算类似繁忙船闸的船舶待闸时间.
Abstract:
Delays at busy waterway locks are a measurement of service quality, and are the basic data for the economic evaluation of lock projects. According to the unique observed data collected at Shiqiao Lock on the Grand Canal, the characteristics of lock delays were analyzed. Based on a G/G/1 queue, an approximate model was developed to estimate delays at busy waterway locks. The results show that tows’ delays are mainly distributed within 16 h, and boats/ships’ delays distributed within 6 h or 14~22 h in Shiqiao Lock. Lock delays are related with not only the traffic load, but also the discrete degree of ships’ arrival and departure. The verification results show that the estimated average values of lock delays can be given reasonably by this model and the corresponding theoretical distribution accords well with the observed data. It can be concluded that the model is suitable for estimating delays of such normal operating busy locks.

参考文献/References:

[1] Gartner N H,Messer C J,Rathi M.Revised monograph on traffic flow theory [R].Washington,DC:Federal Highway Administration(FHWA),1996.
[2] 廖鹏,张玮,吴玲莉.船闸服务水平与船舶待闸时间[J].中国港湾建设,2004(2):17-19.
  Liao Peng,Zhang Wei,Wu Lingli.Relationship between level of service and delays at a waterway lock [J].China Harbour Engineering,2004(2):17-19.(in Chinese)
[3] 廖鹏.船闸通过能力研究[D].南京:河海大学交通学院,2007.
[4] 高雄.三峡船闸试通航回眸[J].水运工程,2005(1):45-49.
  Gao Xiong.Looking back of trial navigation of Three Gorges ship lock [J].Port & Waterway Engineering,2005(1):45-49.(in Chinese)
[5] Martin M V,Arthur L M.Evaluating inland waterway navigation improvement projects:the case of the bonneville lock [J]. Water Resources Bulletin,1982,18(3):481-484.
[6] 廖鹏,张玮,王元春,等.船闸服务水平与经济评价[J].中国港湾建设,2004(3):17-19.
  Liao Peng,Zhang Wei,Wang Yuanchun,et al.Relationship between level of service and economic evaluation at a waterway lock [J]. China Harbour Engineering,2004(3):17-19.(in Chinese)
[7] Glassey C R,Ross S M.Queuing models for multiple chamber locks [J]. Transportation Science,1976,10(4):391-404.
[8] Dai M D M,Schonfeld P.Metamodels for estimating waterway delays through series of queues [J].Transportation Research Part B,1998,32(1):1-19.
[9] Wand S L,Schonfeld P.Scheduling interdependent waterway projects through simulation and genetic optimization [J]. Journal of Waterway,Port,Coastal and Ocean Engineering,2005,131(3):89-97.
[10] 吴玲莉,张玮,廖鹏,等.船舶待闸时间特性分析[J].武汉理工大学学报:交通科学与工程版,2006,30(1):99-102.
  Wu Lingli,Zhang Wei,Liao Peng,et al.Analysis on the characteristics of the waiting time for lockage [J]. Journal of Wuhan University of Technology:Transportation Science and Engineering,2006,30(1):99-102.(in Chinese)
[11] 廖鹏,毛宁.京杭运河苏北段船舶大型化和标准化分析[J].水运工程,2007(12):72-76.
  Liao Peng,Mao Ning.Trend of enlargement and standardization of ships on the Grand Canal in the north part of Jiangsu province [J]. Port & Waterway Engineering,2007(12):72-76.(in Chinese)
[12] 唐应辉,唐小我.排队论:基础与分析技术[M].北京:科学出版社,2006.
[13] Kleinrock L.Queueing systems volume Ⅰ:theory [M].New York:John Wiley & Sons Inc,1975.

相似文献/References:

[1]廖鹏,张玮.船闸一次过闸平均吨位计算模型[J].东南大学学报(自然科学版),2010,40(1):207.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2010.01.039]
 Liao Peng,Zhang Wei.Analytical model for average lockage tonnage of waterway lock[J].Journal of Southeast University (Natural Science Edition),2010,40(2):207.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2010.01.039]

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
作者简介: 廖鹏(1979—),男,博士,讲师,pliao@seu.edu.cn.
基金项目: 交通部西部交通建设科技资助项目(2005 328 222 25).
引文格式: 廖鹏.繁忙船闸的船舶待闸时间分析与估算[J].东南大学学报:自然科学版,2009,39(2):408-412.
更新日期/Last Update: 2009-03-20