[1]袁浩,史桂芳,黄晓明,等.停车视距制动模型[J].东南大学学报(自然科学版),2009,39(4):859-862.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2009.04.041]
 Yuan Hao,Shi Guifang,Huang Xiaoming,et al.Braking model of stopping sight distance[J].Journal of Southeast University (Natural Science Edition),2009,39(4):859-862.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2009.04.041]
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《东南大学学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:1001-0505/CN:32-1178/N]

卷:
39
期数:
2009年第4期
页码:
859-862
栏目:
交通运输工程
出版日期:
2009-07-20

文章信息/Info

Title:
Braking model of stopping sight distance
作者:
袁浩 史桂芳 黄晓明 程建川
东南大学交通学院,南京 210096
Author(s):
Yuan Hao Shi Guifang Huang Xiaoming Cheng Jianchuan
School of Transportation, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096, China
关键词:
停车视距 减速度 制动反应时间
Keywords:
stopping sight distance deceleration perception-reaction time
分类号:
U491.2
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2009.04.041
摘要:
从运动学原理出发,对停车视距的制动模型进行了改进, 用制动减速度综合考察汽车制动这一复杂过程,规避了制动摩擦系数这一难以动态测量的变化参数.新的制动模型将汽车制动过程分为3个阶段:制动反应时间阶段、制动力上升时间阶段和全制动时间阶段,推导了在制动力上升时间阶段和全制动时间阶段的制动距离,得出新的停车视距计算公式.并与现有标准和规范的取值进行了比较,研究了差值的变化规律.结果表明:随着车速的增大,修正后取值与规范计算值的差异趋于增大; 当车速小于60 km/h时,修正取值与规范计算值的差值较小; 当车速大于80 km/h时,差值明显增大.在设计条件允许时可适当减小视距取值以降低工程造价.
Abstract:
The braking model of stopping sight distance is revised based on kinematics theory. The vehicle braking process is expressed by deceleration, which avoids complex measure of braking friction coefficient. The braking process is divided into three successive phases: braking-reaction time step, brake force climbing time step, and full braking time step. Braking distance is deduced in the later two steps and new formula of stopping sight distance is obtained. The result is compared with guide criterion, and the variation of the difference is researched. It is shown that the difference rises with the increase of traffic speed, which is small when traffic speed is less than 60 km/h and increases remarkably when traffic speed is greater than 80 km/h. Under suitable design conditions, stopping sight distance should be reduced for saving cost.

参考文献/References:

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
作者简介: 袁浩(1978—),男,博士生; 程建川(联系人),男,博士,副教授, jccheng@seu.edu.cn.
基金项目: “十一五”国家科技支撑计划资助项目(2007BAK35B02).
引文格式: 袁浩,史桂芳,黄晓明,等.停车视距制动模型[J].东南大学学报:自然科学版,2009,39(4):859-862.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2009.04.041]
更新日期/Last Update: 2009-07-20