[1]刘妍.浙闽木拱桥类型学研究——以桥板苗系统为视角[J].东南大学学报(自然科学版),2011,41(2):430-436.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2011.02.041]
 Liu Yan.Typological study on timber arch bridges in Zhe-Min provinces: with focus on bridge-deck-beam-system[J].Journal of Southeast University (Natural Science Edition),2011,41(2):430-436.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2011.02.041]
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浙闽木拱桥类型学研究——以桥板苗系统为视角()
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《东南大学学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:1001-0505/CN:32-1178/N]

卷:
41
期数:
2011年第2期
页码:
430-436
栏目:
建筑学
出版日期:
2011-03-20

文章信息/Info

Title:
Typological study on timber arch bridges in Zhe-Min provinces: with focus on bridge-deck-beam-system
作者:
刘妍
(东南大学建筑学院,南京210096)(东南大学城市与建筑遗产保护教育部重点实验室,南京 210096)
Author(s):
Liu Yan
(School of Architecture, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096, China)
(Key Laboratory of Urban and Architectural Heritage Conservation of Ministry of Education, Southeast University, Najing 210096, China)
关键词:
木拱桥桥板苗系统类型学桥梁结构
Keywords:
timber arch bridge bridge-deck-beam-system typology bridge structure
分类号:
TU-098.6
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2011.02.041
摘要:
浙闽木拱桥独特的编梁拱形结构与汴水虹桥有着密切的关系.对木拱桥结构的类型学分析结果表明,浙闽木拱桥与汴水虹桥的一个重要区别在于,在浙闽木拱桥的发展历程中,桥板苗系统自始至终占有重要的地位,可视作三节苗、五节苗体系之外的第三套体系.浙闽木拱桥桥板苗系统的重要性体现在使用功能上,可保证桥面的平缓; 在结构上有效地分担了拱架荷载,并保证结构的稳定; 在类型学上,桥板苗系统与编织拱系统的结合方式的多样做法,是探讨木拱桥类型学发展的重要因素.而浙闽木构桥梁结构类型演化的一个基本特征是结构的叠加和简化.桥板苗系统的简洁化和稳定化是木拱桥类型发展中的主要动因.
Abstract:
The timber arch bridge in Zhejiang (Zhe) and Fujian (Min) provinces is a unique beam-weaving-arch structure, and has a close genetic relationship with the Rainbow Bridge in the famous Song-dynasty painting “the scene of the upriver at pure brightness festival”. By a study of typological analysis focusing on the timber structure, it is pointed out in this paper that there is an important distinction between the timber arch bridge in Zhe-Min provinces and the Rainbow Bridge over the Bian River. Throughout the development of the former, the bridge-deck-beam-system has hold a significant role, and should be seen as the third system aside from the first and second systems, viz. the tri-segment arch, and the penta-segment arch. The signification in the bridge-deck-beam-system of timber arch bridge in Zhe-Min provinces includes: functionally, it provides a gentle-sloped floor for the bridge-deck; structurally, it shares the load of the arch, and serves the structural stability; typologically, the method of the combination of the bridge-deck-beam-system and the arch system provides an important factor of depicting the development of the typology of timber bridges. And an essential character of the evolvement of the structure of timber bridges is structure addition and simplification. The simplification and stabilization are the main motivation in the evolvement of timber arch bridges.

参考文献/References:

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
作者简介:刘妍(1984—),女,硕士生,liuyan06seu@hotmail.com.
引文格式: 刘妍.浙闽木拱桥类型学研究——以桥板苗系统为视角[J].东南大学学报:自然科学版,2011,41(2):430-436.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2011.02.041]
更新日期/Last Update: 2011-03-20