[1]程国柱,胡立伟,韩娟.高速公路驾驶员昼夜感知速度变化规律[J].东南大学学报(自然科学版),2012,42(3):547-550.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2012.03.030]
 Cheng Guozhu,Hu Liwei,Han Juan.Variation rule of driver’s perception speed on freeway during daytime and nighttime[J].Journal of Southeast University (Natural Science Edition),2012,42(3):547-550.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2012.03.030]
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高速公路驾驶员昼夜感知速度变化规律()
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《东南大学学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:1001-0505/CN:32-1178/N]

卷:
42
期数:
2012年第3期
页码:
547-550
栏目:
交通运输工程
出版日期:
2012-05-20

文章信息/Info

Title:
Variation rule of driver’s perception speed on freeway during daytime and nighttime
作者:
程国柱1 胡立伟2 韩娟1
1 哈尔滨工业大学交通科学与工程学院, 哈尔滨 150090; 2 昆明理工大学交通工程学院, 昆明 650093
Author(s):
Cheng Guozhu1 Hu Liwei2 Han Juan1
1 School of Transportation Science and Engineering, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150090, China
2 Faculty of Transportation Engineering, Kunming University of Science and Technology, Kunming 650093, China
关键词:
交通运输规划与管理 高速公路 驾驶员 感知速度 公路线形
Keywords:
transportation plan and management freeway driver perception speed highway alignment
分类号:
U491
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2012.03.030
摘要:
为制定合理的高速公路昼夜车速限制标准,采用数理统计与回归分析方法对采集的驾驶员昼夜感知速度数据进行了对比分析,量化研究了实际行驶速度、平曲线半径、纵坡对驾驶员感知速度的影响,建立了驾驶员昼夜感知速度与实际行驶速度、平曲线半径的关系模型.研究发现:驾驶员夜间感知速度的准确度与白天相比下降,且感知速度与纵坡值无关; 白天驾驶员感知速度与实际行驶速度呈正指数相关,与平曲线半径呈负对数相关; 夜间驾驶员感知速度与实际行驶速度呈正线性相关,与平曲线半径呈负对数相关.基于驾驶员的感知速度变化规律,针对不同的平面线形条件对昼夜分别实施不同的车速限制标准,有助于降低驾驶员的速度感知偏差.
Abstract:
In order to set up reasonable speed limit standard on freeway during daytime and nighttime, using mathematical statistics and the regression analysis method, data of a driver’s perception speed during daytime and nighttime are analyzed comparatively, and the impacts of actual driving speed, horizontal curve radius and longitudinal slope on a driver’s perception speed are analyzed quantitatively. Relationship models between a driver’s perception speed and actual driving speed and horizontal curve radius during daytime and nighttime are established. It is found that the accuracy of a driver’s perception speed during nighttime decreases compared with daytime, and there is no correlation between a driver’s perception speed and longitudinal slope. There is a positive exponential relationship between a driver’s perception speed and actual driving speed, and a negative logarithm relationship between a driver’s perception speed and horizontal curve radius during daytime. On the other hand, there is a positive linear relationship between a driver’s perception speed and actual driving speed, and a negative logarithmic relationship between a driver’s perception speed and horizontal curve radius during nighttime. It is beneficial for decreasing a driver’s speed perception deviation to implement different speed limit standard during daytime and nighttime according to horizontal alignment based on the variation rule of a driver’s perception speed.

参考文献/References:

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
作者简介: 程国柱(1977—),男,博士,副教授,guozhucheng@126.com.
基金项目: 中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金资助项目(HIT.NSRIF.2012062)、吉林省自然科学基金资助项目(201215176)、吉林省教育厅“十二五”科学技术研究资助项目(2012196).
引文格式: 程国柱,胡立伟,韩娟.高速公路驾驶员昼夜感知速度变化规律[J].东南大学学报:自然科学版,2012,42(3):547-550. [doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2012.03.030]
更新日期/Last Update: 2012-05-20