[1]韩致旭,钟文琪,刘龙海,等.废齿轮油萃取-絮凝的再生特性[J].东南大学学报(自然科学版),2015,45(6):1119-1123.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2015.06.017]
 Han Zhixu,Zhong Wenqi,Liu Longhai,et al.Regeneration characteristics of waste gear oil by extraction-flocculation[J].Journal of Southeast University (Natural Science Edition),2015,45(6):1119-1123.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2015.06.017]
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废齿轮油萃取-絮凝的再生特性()
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《东南大学学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:1001-0505/CN:32-1178/N]

卷:
45
期数:
2015年第6期
页码:
1119-1123
栏目:
环境科学与工程
出版日期:
2015-11-20

文章信息/Info

Title:
Regeneration characteristics of waste gear oil by extraction-flocculation
作者:
韩致旭12钟文琪12刘龙海3司徒有功3钱玉君3
1东南大学能源热转换及其过程测控教育部重点实验室, 南京 210096; 2东南大学能源与环境学院, 南京 210096; 3大唐南京发电厂, 南京 210057
Author(s):
Han Zhixu12 Zhong Wenqi12 Liu Longhai3 Situ Yougong3 Qian Yujun3
1Key Laboratory of Energy Thermal Conversion and Control of Ministry of Education, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096, China
2School of Energy and Environment, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096, China
3Datang Nanjing Power Plant, Nanjing 210057, China
关键词:
废油处理 萃取-絮凝 饱和烃 再生油
Keywords:
waste oil processing extraction-flocculation saturated hydrocarbon recycled oil
分类号:
X785
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2015.06.017
摘要:
为实现废润滑油的无害化及资源化处理,对废油萃取-絮凝的再生特性进行了实验,测定了新、废齿轮油的部分理化特性及化学族组成,选取萃取-絮凝为废油再生工艺,考察得到再生油的产率和酸值随剂油比、萃取温度、萃取时间和KOH添加量的变化规律,采用傅里叶红外光谱仪分析再生油质量.研究结果表明,废油中基础油部分被氧化并受到杂质的侵入,但其主要成分仍为饱和烃;萃取-絮凝的最佳工况为:剂油比5∶1,萃取温度20 ℃,萃取时间20 min, KOH添加量3 g,在该条件下获得的再生油产率为78.1%,酸值为0.09 mg/g;所得再生油主要成分与新油基础油一致,且黏度和黏度指数均接近新油基础油,但再生油中还残留少量酸性物质,进一步精炼后可得到符合标准的基础油.
Abstract:
In order to recycle the waste lubricating oil, experiments were carried out to study the characteristics of waste oil regeneration with the extraction-flocculation method. Some physical and chemical properties and chemical group composition of the new and waste oil were determined. The extraction-flocculation method was selected as the process of waste oil regeneration. The influences of different solvent oil ratio, extraction temperature, extraction time and the content of KOH on the yield and the acid value of recycled oil were studied. The quality of recycled oil was analyzed by Fourier transform infrared(FTIR). The results show that in waste oil part of the base oil is oxidized and contaminated by impurities, but the main component of waste oil is still saturated hydrocarbon. The optimum extraction-flocculation condition is obtained when solvent oil ratio is 5∶1, extraction temperature is 25 ℃, extraction time is 20 min, and KOH addition is 3 g. The yield and the acid value of recycled oil obtained under this condition are 78.1% and 0.09 mg/g, respectively. The main component of the recycled oil is consistent with the basic oil, and both the viscosity and viscosity indices are close to that of the base oil. However, the recycled oil still contains a small amount of acidic substance, it can meet the standard of basic oil after further refining.

参考文献/References:

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期: 2015-05-10.
作者简介: 韩致旭(1991—),男,硕士生;钟文琪(联系人),男,博士,教授,博士生导师,wqzhong@seu.edu.cn.
基金项目: 江苏省普通高校专业学位研究生科研实践计划资助项目(SJLX_0056).
引用本文: 韩致旭,钟文琪,刘龙海,等.废齿轮油萃取-絮凝的再生特性[J].东南大学学报:自然科学版,2015,45(6):1119-1123. [doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2015.06.017]
更新日期/Last Update: 2015-11-20