[1]李堃,袁志山,纪安平,等.受限高浓度电解质溶液的电动力学输运[J].东南大学学报(自然科学版),2016,46(5):972-976.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2016.05.012]
 Li Kun,Yuan Zhishan,Ji Anping,et al.Electrokinetics transport of confined electrolyte solution in high concentration[J].Journal of Southeast University (Natural Science Edition),2016,46(5):972-976.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2016.05.012]
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受限高浓度电解质溶液的电动力学输运()
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《东南大学学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:1001-0505/CN:32-1178/N]

卷:
46
期数:
2016年第5期
页码:
972-976
栏目:
材料科学与工程
出版日期:
2016-09-20

文章信息/Info

Title:
Electrokinetics transport of confined electrolyte solution in high concentration
作者:
李堃12袁志山12纪安平123司伟12蔺卡宾12杨浩杰12马建12沙菁12陈云飞12
1东南大学机械工程学院, 南京211189; 2东南大学江苏省微纳生物医疗器械设计与制造重点实验室, 南京211189; 3重庆三峡学院机械工程学院, 重庆404100
Author(s):
Li Kun12 Yuan Zhishan12 Ji Anping123 Si Wei12 Lin Kabin12 Yang Haojie12Ma Jian12 Sha Jingjie12 Chen Yunfei12
1School of Mechanical Engineering, Southeast University, Nanjing 211189, China
2Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Design and Manufacture of Micro-Nano Biomedical Instruments, Southeast University, Nanjing 211189, China
3School of Mechanical Engineering, Chongqing Three Gorges University, Chongqing 404100, China
关键词:
受限电解质溶液 纳米孔 分子动力学模拟 迁移率
Keywords:
confined electrolyte solution nanopore molecular dynamics simulation mobility
分类号:
TB383
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2016.05.012
摘要:
为了解释有关纳米通道内离子输运特性的一系列违反经典流体力学和电迁移理论的实验现象的内在机理,通过分子动力学模拟的方法,研究了受限高浓度NaCl溶液的离子电流和迁移率等电动力学输运特性.结果显示,跨膜电压和接入电阻是导致单层石墨烯纳米孔的离子电流随孔径呈线性增长的重要原因.受限电解质溶液与体态溶液的本质区别是除了固液界面的边界效应外,跨膜电压造成的局部超大电场将导致电迁移速率随电场强度增加出现非线性增长的Wien效应.同时,离子迁移率随溶液浓度升高而下降.产生这些变化的微观机理除了离子氛屏蔽效应外,还有离子对形成和离子碰撞等离子间微观相互作用.
Abstract:
To explain the mechanism of ion transport in nanochannel behind a series of phenomena which can not be explained by classical fluid mechanics and electrical transport theory, by all-atom molecular dynamics(MD)simulations, ionic current and ion mobility as well as other electrokinetics transport properties of confined sodium chloride solution are investigated. The results indicate that transmembrane voltage and access resistance have a significant contribution to the linear growth of the ionic current of monolayer graphene nanopore with pore diameter increasing. The essential difference between confined electrolyte solution and bulk solution is that despite the boundary effect on solid-liquid interface, ultra-high localized electrical field caused by transmembrane voltage leads to the Wien effect, that is, ion mobility nonlinearly increases with electrical field rising. Furthermore, the ion mobility decreases as the bulk concentration increases. In addition to the ionic atmosphere effect, the microscopic mechanism is the interaction between ions including ion pair formation and the ion-ion collisions.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期: 2016-02-16.
作者简介: 李堃(1989—),男,博士生;陈云飞(联系人),男,博士,教授,博士生导师,yunfeichen@seu.edu.cn.
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金资助项目(51435003, 51375092)、重庆市教委科学技术研究资助项目(KJ1401030)、东南大学优秀博士学位论文培育基金资助项目(KYLX_0100)、江苏省普通高校学术学位研究生创新计划资助项目(YBJJ1540).
引用本文: 李堃,袁志山,纪安平,等.受限高浓度电解质溶液的电动力学输运[J].东南大学学报(自然科学版),2016,46(5):972-976. DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2016.05.012.
更新日期/Last Update: 2016-09-20