[1]郑凌逶,谢新宇,谢康和,等.基于等电势梯度模型试验的滩涂淤泥电渗效率分析[J].东南大学学报(自然科学版),2018,48(3):557-562.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2018.03.026]
 Zheng Lingwei,Xie Xinyu,Xie Kanghe,et al.Electro-osmosis efficiency analysis of marine sludge based on constant potential gradient model tests[J].Journal of Southeast University (Natural Science Edition),2018,48(3):557-562.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2018.03.026]
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基于等电势梯度模型试验的滩涂淤泥电渗效率分析()
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《东南大学学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:1001-0505/CN:32-1178/N]

卷:
48
期数:
2018年第3期
页码:
557-562
栏目:
土木工程
出版日期:
2018-05-20

文章信息/Info

Title:
Electro-osmosis efficiency analysis of marine sludge based on constant potential gradient model tests
作者:
郑凌逶12谢新宇12谢康和1臧俊超12李卓明12
1浙江大学滨海和城市岩土工程研究中心, 杭州 310058; 2浙江大学宁波理工学院, 宁波 315100
Author(s):
Zheng Lingwei12 Xie Xinyu12 Xie Kanghe1 Zang Junchao12 Li Zhuoming12
1Research Center of Coastal and Urban Geotechnical Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China
2Ningbo Institute of Technology, Zhejiang University, Ningbo 315100, China
关键词:
等电势梯度 电渗 能耗系数 电极间距 模型试验
Keywords:
constant potential gradient electro-osmosis energy consumption coefficient electrode spacing model tests
分类号:
TU411
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2018.03.026
摘要:
为了研究滩涂淤泥电渗效率,根据相似原理建立室内模型,并在等电势梯度条件下进行试验.试验过程中采集排水量、通电电流和电势数据,研究了电渗能耗、电势利用率与电极间距的关系.基于有效电势原理对电渗能耗系数和处理时间进行了分析,采用简易算例对不同工况下的电势利用率和能耗系数进行了讨论.结果表明,等电势梯度下,电渗前期能耗系数随电极间距缩短而线性下降,电极间距缩短至12 cm时能耗系数降至0.54 W·h/mL.电极间距越小,相同排水效果所需的处理时间越短.提高界面电阻会降低电渗排水速率,但不影响电渗能耗系数.建议在工程中选取新型电动土工合成材料以及合理的电极布置形式,以提高电渗效率和经济性.
Abstract:
To study the electro-osmosis efficiency of marine sludge, laboratory models were set up according to the similitude principle and tests were conducted under constant potential gradient. During the experimental process, the water discharge, the apparent current and the potential were measured. The relationship of the electro-osmotic energy consumption, the potential use ratio and the electrode spacing were studied. The electro-osmotic energy consumption coefficient and the treating time were analyzed based on the effective potential principle. A simple example was adopted to discuss the potential use ratio and the energy consumption coefficient under different working conditions. The results show that the energy consumption coefficient decreases linearly with the decrease of the electrode spacing in the early stage of electro-osmosis under constant potential gradient. The energy consumption coefficient drops to 0.54 W·h/mL when the electrode spacing decreases to 12 cm. The shorter the electrode spacing, the less the treating time for the equal dewatering effect. The increase of the interface electric resistance can reduce the electro-osmotic drainage rate, but does not affect the electro-osmotic energy consumption coefficient. It is recommended to select new types of electro-kinetic geosynthetics and appropriate electrode arrangements to improve the electro-osmosis efficiency and economy.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期: 2017-09-23.
作者简介: 郑凌逶(1989—),男,博士生;谢新宇(联系人),男,博士,教授,博士生导师,xiexinyu@zju.edu.cn.
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金资助项目(51378469)、浙江省公益技术应用研究资助项目(2017C33034)、宁波市自然科学基金资助项目(2016A610216,2017A610308).
引用本文: 郑凌逶,谢新宇,谢康和,等.基于等电势梯度模型试验的滩涂淤泥电渗效率分析[J].东南大学学报(自然科学版),2018,48(3):557-562. DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2018.03.026.
更新日期/Last Update: 2018-05-20