[1]唐宗鑫,杨迪,陈思凯,等.基于可靠度的高速公路加速车道长度[J].东南大学学报(自然科学版),2018,48(5):961-966.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2018.05.027]
 Tang Zongxin,Yang Di,Chen Sikai,et al.Reliability-based acceleration lanes lengths on expressways[J].Journal of Southeast University (Natural Science Edition),2018,48(5):961-966.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2018.05.027]
点击复制

基于可靠度的高速公路加速车道长度()
分享到:

《东南大学学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:1001-0505/CN:32-1178/N]

卷:
48
期数:
2018年第5期
页码:
961-966
栏目:
交通运输工程
出版日期:
2018-09-20

文章信息/Info

Title:
Reliability-based acceleration lanes lengths on expressways
作者:
唐宗鑫1杨迪2陈思凯3程建川1
1东南大学交通学院, 南京 210096; 2中交第一公路勘察设计研究院有限公司, 西安 710075; 3美国普渡大学土木工程系, 西拉法叶 47907
Author(s):
Tang Zongxin1 Yang Di2 Chen Sikai3 Cheng Jianchuan1
1School of Transportation, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096, China
2CCCC First Highway Consultants Co., Ltd., Xi’an 710075, China
3Lyles School of Civil Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette 47907, USA
关键词:
高速公路 加速车道长度 可靠度 极限状态
Keywords:
expressway acceleration lane length reliability limit state
分类号:
U412.33
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2018.05.027
摘要:
为克服现行规范计算高速公路加速车道长度采用确定性方法的缺点,提出了一种基于概率方法的加速车道长度计算模型.首先,获取6条加速车道上223辆小客车和86辆货车的时空分布数据,计算了车辆的速度和加速度,确定了车辆加速度随速度线性递减模型.然后根据车辆的速度与加速度特性,认为货车为计算加速车道长度的不利车型.基于货车的速度与加速度数据,建立了加速车道变速段长度的概率计算模型.结果表明,利用可靠度方法计算加速车道长度,比确定性方法计算加速车道长度更加接近车辆实际运行特性.当主线设计速度为100和120 km/h时,加速车道需求长度分别为300和430 m.
Abstract:
To overcome drawbacks of deterministic method used to calculate length of acceleration lanes on expressways in China, a model for calculating acceleration lane lengths based on a probabilistic method was proposed. Spatio-temporal driving data of 223 passenger cars and 86 trucks were collected on 6 acceleration lanes in Nanjing, China. The vehicular speed and the acceleration were subsequently calculated. Relationship between the vehicular acceleration rate and the speed was proved to be linear-decreasing. Trucks were set as typical vehicles to calculate length of the acceleration lane for its lower acceleration rate. Based on that, the acceleration lane length was calculated by the probabilistic method. Results show that the acceleration lane length calculated by the probabilistic method can fit the realistic driving characteristics better than the deterministic method by current design specifications. Demanding acceleration lane lengths for main lane with design speeds of 100 and 120 km/h is 300 and 430 m.

参考文献/References:

[1] 中华人民共和国交通运输部. JTG/T D21—2014 公路立体交叉设计细则[S]. 北京:人民交通出版社,2014.
[2] 王春娥. 高速公路立交变速车道长度研究[J]. 公路交通科技, 2013, 30(1): 120-125. DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1002-0268.2013.01.021.
Wang Chun’e. Length of speed-change lane at highway interchange[J]. Journal of Highway and Transportation Research and Development, 2013, 30(1): 120-125. DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1002-0268.2013.01.021. (in Chinese)
[3] 智永锋, 张骏, 史忠科. 高速公路加速车道长度设计与车辆汇入模型研究[J]. 中国公路学报, 2009, 22(2): 93-97,115.
  Zhi Yongfeng, Zhang Jun, Shi Zhongke. Research on design of expressway acceleration lane length and merging model of vehicle[J]. China Journal of Highway and Transport, 2009, 22(2): 93-97,115.(in Chinese)
[4] 李宗平, 李林恒. 快速路合流区加速车道长度计算方法[J]. 东南大学学报(自然科学版), 2016, 46(4): 888-892. DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2016.04.036.
Li Zongping, Li Linheng. Computational method of acceleration lane length in expressway merging area[J]. Journal of Southeast University(Natural Science Edition), 2016, 46(4): 888-892. DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2016.04.036. (in Chinese)
[5] 李文权, 邵孜科, 王世恒, 等. 城市快速路平行式加速车道长度计算方法[J]. 交通运输工程学报, 2017, 17(4): 113-121. DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1671-1637.2017.04.012.
Li Wenquan, Shao Zike, Wang Shiheng, et al. Calculation method of parallel-type acceleration lane length of urban expressway[J]. Journal of Traffic and Transportation Engineering, 2017, 17(4): 113-121. DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1671-1637.2017.04.012. (in Chinese)
[6] 邵孜科, 李文权, 孙春洋, 等. 基于蒙特卡罗模拟的平行式加速车道长度模型[J]. 公路交通科技, 2017, 34(1): 137-142,148. DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1002-0268.2017.01.019.
Shao Zike, Li Wenquan, Sun Chunyang, et al. A model of parallel type acceleration lane length based on monte carlo simulation[J]. Journal of Highway and Transportation Research and Development, 2017, 34(1): 137-142,148. DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1002-0268.2017.01.019. (in Chinese)
[7] American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials. A policy on geometric design of highways and streets[R]. Washington DC: AASHTO, 2011.
[8] Dabbour E, Easa S. Sight-distance requirements for left-turning vehicles at two-way stop-controlled intersections[J]. Journal of Transportation Engineering, Part A: Systems, 2017, 143(1): 04016004. DOI:10.1061/jtepbs.0000018.
[9] Yang G C, Wang Z R, Xu H, et al. Feasibility of using a constant acceleration rate for freeway entrance ramp acceleration lane length design[J]. Journal of Transportation Engineering, Part A: Systems, 2018, 144(3): 06017001. DOI:10.1061/jtepbs.0000122.
[10] Yang G C,Xu H,Wang Z R,et al.Truck acceleration behavior study and acceleration lane length recommendations for metered on-ramps[J]. International Journal of Transportation Science and Technology,2016,5(2): 93-102. DOI:10.1016/j.ijtst.2016.09.006.
[11] Yang G C, Tian Z, Xu H, et al. Recommendations for acceleration lane length for metered on-ramps[J]. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, 2016, 2588: 1-11. DOI:10.3141/2588-01.
[12] 王路, 程建川. 基于可靠度的高速公路准临界坡长[J]. 东南大学学报(自然科学版), 2018, 48(1): 181-187.DOI:103969lj.issn.1001-0505.2018.01.028
  Wang Lu, Cheng Jianchuan. Pre-critical grade length of expressway based on reliability[J]. Journal of Southeast University(Natural Science Edition), 2018, 48(1): 181-187.(in Chinese)
[13] Easa S M, Cheng J C. Reliability analysis of minimum pedestrian green interval for traffic signals[J]. Journal of Transportation Engineering, 2013, 139(7): 651-659. DOI:10.1061/(asce)te.1943-5436.0000549.
[14] 李伟, 周菁楠, 周峰, 等. 基于结构可靠性算法的停车换乘行程时间可靠性计算[J]. 东南大学学报(自然科学版), 2016, 46(1): 226-230. DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2016.01.037.
Li Wei, Zhou Jingnan, Zhou Feng, et al. Calculation of travel time reliability of park-and-ride based on structural reliability algorithm[J]. Journal of Southeast University(Natural Science Edition), 2016, 46(1): 226-230. DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2016.01.037. (in Chinese)
[15] Wang L,Cheng J C,Zhang Y L. Reliability-based specification on critical length of highway sections with near-maximum grade[J]. KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering, 2018, 22(4): 1406-1417. DOI:10.1007/s12205-017-0832-2.
[16] 杨晨, 程建川. 基于可靠度的道路不设缓和曲线最小半径的计算[J]. 公路交通科技, 2013, 30(7): 7-11. DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1002-0268.2013.07.002.
Yang Chen, Cheng Jianchuan. Calculation of minimum circular radius of road without transition curve based on reliability[J]. Journal of Highway and Transportation Research and Development, 2013, 30(7): 7-11. DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1002-0268.2013.07.002. (in Chinese)
[17] Long G. Acceleration characteristics of starting vehicles[J]. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, 2000, 1737: 58-70. DOI:10.3141/1737-08.
[18] Wang J, Dixon K, Li H N, et al. Normal acceleration behavior of passenger vehicles starting from rest at all-way stop-controlled intersections[J]. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, 2004, 1883: 158-166. DOI:10.3141/1883-18.

相似文献/References:

[1]李文权,王炜.高速公路路侧标志设置问题[J].东南大学学报(自然科学版),2007,37(1):164.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2007.01.035]
 Li Wenquan,Wang Wei.Setting problem of freeway side traffic signs[J].Journal of Southeast University (Natural Science Edition),2007,37(5):164.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2007.01.035]
[2]李文权,王炜,李铁柱,等.高速公路加速车道上车辆的汇入特征分析[J].东南大学学报(自然科学版),2002,32(2):252.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2002.02.023]
 Li Wenquan,Wang Wei,Li Tiezhu,et al.Characteristics analyses of merges on freeway acceleration lane[J].Journal of Southeast University (Natural Science Edition),2002,32(5):252.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2002.02.023]
[3]黄卫,胡勇.电子收费在道路交通收费中的应用[J].东南大学学报(自然科学版),2001,31(3):11.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2001.03.003]
 Huang Wei,Hu Yong.Electronic Toll Collection Applied in Road Tolling[J].Journal of Southeast University (Natural Science Edition),2001,31(5):11.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2001.03.003]
[4]钱国超,王仙美.试论目前高速公路排水设计的不合理性[J].东南大学学报(自然科学版),1998,28(3):47.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.1998.03.009]
 Qian Guochao,Wang Xianmei.Preliminary Study of Unreasonableness of Present Expressway Drainage Desgin[J].Journal of Southeast University (Natural Science Edition),1998,28(5):47.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.1998.03.009]
[5]张卫华,缪子英,王锟,等.高速公路管理所综合成本选址模型[J].东南大学学报(自然科学版),2013,43(6):1319.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2013.06.034]
 Zhang Weihua,Miao Ziying,Wang Kun,et al.Comprehensive cost location model of expressway management office[J].Journal of Southeast University (Natural Science Edition),2013,43(5):1319.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2013.06.034]
[6]王晓飞,李新伟,刘立能,等.高速公路通道路网交通诱导决策模型[J].东南大学学报(自然科学版),2016,46(3):641.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2016.03.031]
 Wang Xiaofei,Li Xinwei,Liu Lineng,et al.Traffic route guidance decision-making model for freeway corridor[J].Journal of Southeast University (Natural Science Edition),2016,46(5):641.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2016.03.031]

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期: 2018-03-05.
作者简介: 唐宗鑫(1988—),男,博士生;程建川(联系人),男,博士,教授,博士生导师,jccheng@seu.edu.cn.
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金资助项目(51478115)、江苏省普通高校研究生科研创新计划资助项目(KYLX15_0144).
引用本文: 唐宗鑫,杨迪,陈思凯,等.基于可靠度的高速公路加速车道长度[J].东南大学学报(自然科学版),2018,48(5):961-966. DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2018.05.027.
更新日期/Last Update: 2018-09-20