[1]冯荣涛,李俊国,房倚天,等.加压多段循环流化床固体颗粒浓度分布特性[J].东南大学学报(自然科学版),2018,48(6):1137-1142.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2018.06.022]
 Feng Rongtao,Li Junguo,Fang Yitian,et al.Distribution characteristics of solid holdups in pressurized multi-stage circulating fluidized bed[J].Journal of Southeast University (Natural Science Edition),2018,48(6):1137-1142.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2018.06.022]
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加压多段循环流化床固体颗粒浓度分布特性()
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《东南大学学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:1001-0505/CN:32-1178/N]

卷:
48
期数:
2018年第6期
页码:
1137-1142
栏目:
能源与动力工程
出版日期:
2018-11-20

文章信息/Info

Title:
Distribution characteristics of solid holdups in pressurized multi-stage circulating fluidized bed
作者:
冯荣涛12李俊国1房倚天1巴忠仁1焦卫红1刘涛1詹海娟3
1 中国科学院山西煤炭化学研究所煤转化国家重点实验室, 太原030001; 2 中国科学院大学化学工程学院, 北京100039; 3 宁夏大学煤炭高效利用与绿色化工国家重点实验室, 银川750021
Author(s):
Feng Rongtao12 Li Junguo1 Fang Yitian1 Ba Zhongren1Jiao Weihong1 Liu Tao1 Zhan Haijuan3
1 State Key Laboratory of Coal Conversion, Institute of Coal Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Taiyuan 030001, China
2 School of Chemical Engineering, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039, China
3 State Key Laboratory of High-efficiency Utilization of Coal and Green Chemical Engineering, Ningxia University, Yinchuan 750021, China
关键词:
多段循环流化床 气固流动特性 加压 颗粒浓度分布
Keywords:
multi-stage circulating fluidized bed gas-solids flow characteristics pressurized solid holdups
分类号:
TK222
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2018.06.022
摘要:
针对加压煤气化的发展需要和加压多段循环流化床气化炉的研发,建立了一套加压多段循环流化床冷态试验装置. 研究了0.1,0.3,0.5 MPa压力下,平均粒径为400 μm、密度为1020 kg/m3的固体颗粒在循环流化床轴向和径向颗粒浓度的分布特性. 实验结果表明,多段循环流化床轴向颗粒体积分数分布呈ε形分布特点,即颗粒较浓区域集中在射流流化床底部浓相段和提升管进出口位置.提升管轴向颗粒浓度分布呈现C形分布,且表观颗粒浓度随固体循环通量的增加而增加,随着表观气速的增大而减小.在相同固气比的条件下,增加系统压力可以显著提高管内颗粒浓度.颗粒浓度径向分布呈现中心区域稀,边壁区域浓的环核流动结构.增大表观气速或减小固体循环通量可以使颗粒径向分布更加均匀.另外,颗粒浓度分布在边壁区比中心区对表观气速和固体循环通量的变化更加敏感.
Abstract:
A cold model experimental facility of the pressurized multistage circulating fluidized bed was built for the development of pressurized coal gasification and circulating fluidized bed gasifier. The distribution characteristics of solid holdups in axial and radial directions of Geldart group B particles with the mean diameter of 400 μm and the density of 1 020 kg/m3 were studied under different pressures(0.1, 0.3, and 0.5 MPa). The results show that the axial profiles of solid holdups in the multi-stage circulating fluidized bed present a typical ε, that is, the dense regions in the vicinity of the bottom of the JFB, inlet and outlet of the riser. The axial profiles of solids holdup in the riser presented a typical C, and the axial solid holdups increase with increasing the solid circulation rate and with decreasing the apparent gas velocity. At the same solids-to-gas ratio, the solid holdups increase obviously with increasing pressure. The radial distribution of solid holdups presents a large dilute region in the axis and a small dense region around the wall, called the core-annular flow structure. The radial distribution of solid holdups became more uniform with decreasing the solid circulation rate or increasing the apparent gas velocity. In addition, the change of solid holdups around the wall region is more sensitive than the central region with changing apparent gas velocity and solid flux.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期: 2018-03-01.
作者简介: 冯荣涛(1989—),男,博士生;房倚天(联系人),男,研究员,博士生导师,fyt@sxicc.ac.cn.
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金资助项目(21506242)、省部共建煤炭高效利用与绿色化工国家重点实验室开放课题资助项目(2017-K02).
引用本文: 冯荣涛,李俊国,房倚天,等.加压多段循环流化床固体颗粒浓度分布特性[J].东南大学学报(自然科学版),2018,48(6):1137-1142. DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2018.06.022.
更新日期/Last Update: 2018-11-20