[1]金涛,郎小翠,牛亚峰,等.颜色和图形编码的组合效应对认知绩效的影响[J].东南大学学报(自然科学版),2020,50(4):721-727.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2020.04.017]
 Jin Tao,Lang Xiaocui,Niu Yafeng,et al.Effect of the color and graphic coding combination on cognitive performance[J].Journal of Southeast University (Natural Science Edition),2020,50(4):721-727.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2020.04.017]
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颜色和图形编码的组合效应对认知绩效的影响()
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《东南大学学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:1001-0505/CN:32-1178/N]

卷:
50
期数:
2020年第4期
页码:
721-727
栏目:
机械工程
出版日期:
2020-07-20

文章信息/Info

Title:
Effect of the color and graphic coding combination on cognitive performance
作者:
金涛1郎小翠1牛亚峰2周淑芳3明成业1
1中国石油大学(华东)机电工程学院, 青岛 266580; 2东南大学机械工程学院, 南京211189; 3青岛黄海学院智能制造学院, 青岛266427
Author(s):
Jin Tao1 Lang Xiaocui1 Niu Yafeng2 Zhou Shufang3 Ming Chengye1
1College of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, China University of Petroleum, Qingdao 266580, China
2School of Mechanical Engineering, Southeast University, Nanjing 211189, China
3School of Intelligence and Manufacture, Qingdao Huanghai University, Qingdao 266427, China
关键词:
颜色 图形 组合效应 语义 认知绩效
Keywords:
color graphic combination effect semantics cognitive performance
分类号:
TB472;B849
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2020.04.017
摘要:
采用知觉负载范式研究颜色和图形的组合图标在不同载荷下的认知机理.通过组合效应实验发现,高载荷下颜色和图形的组合效应不显著,颜色是主要的认知编码.中、低载荷下,颜色和图形的组合效应显著提高了认知绩效.为进一步研究中、低载荷下组合图标中语义对实验结果的影响,在语义实验中将有语义图形转换成无语义倒置图形,发现组合图标中语义显著提高了认知绩效.通过脑电实验更深入地探究组合效应的脑神经机制,发现组合效应提高认知绩效的作用与后颞等脑区相关.研究表明,中、低载荷下组合效应显著提高了认知绩效,其中颜色和语义起关键作用.
Abstract:
The cognitive mechanism of color and graphics combination icons under different loads is studied by perceptual load paradigm. Through the combination effect experiments, it is found that the combination effect of color and graphic is not significant, and color is the main cognitive coding under high load. The combination effect of color and graphic significantly improves cognitive performance under medium and low loads. To understand the impact of semantics in the combined icon on experimental results under medium and low loads, the semantic experiments effectively separates the semantic and visual features in the combined icon by transforming the semantic graph into a non-semantic inverted graph. Findings show that the semantics in the associative effect significantly improves cognitive performance under medium and low loads. The EEG(electroencephalogram)experiments deeply explored the brain nerve mechanism of the combination effect, and found that the combination effect on improving cognitive performance is related to the posterior temporal and other brain areas. The results show that the combination effect under medium and low loads significantly improves cognitive performance, in which color and semantics play a key role.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期: 2020-01-15.
作者简介: 金涛(1980—),男,博士,副教授,jzht126@163.com.
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金资助项目(71801037)、教育部人文社会科学研究青年基金资助项目(16YJCZH037)、中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金资助项目(18CX02087A).
引用本文: 金涛,郎小翠,牛亚峰,等.颜色和图形编码的组合效应对认知绩效的影响[J].东南大学学报(自然科学版),2020,50(4):721-727. DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2020.04.017.
更新日期/Last Update: 2020-07-20