[1]杨永红,夏元波,王杰聪,等.边坡约束条件下的三维动态视距计算方法[J].东南大学学报(自然科学版),2020,50(5):983-990.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2020.05.026]
 Yang Yonghong,Xia Yuanbo,Wang Jiecong,et al.Calculation method for 3D dynamic sight distance under the control of slope constraint[J].Journal of Southeast University (Natural Science Edition),2020,50(5):983-990.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2020.05.026]
点击复制

边坡约束条件下的三维动态视距计算方法()
分享到:

《东南大学学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:1001-0505/CN:32-1178/N]

卷:
50
期数:
2020年第5期
页码:
983-990
栏目:
交通运输工程
出版日期:
2020-09-20

文章信息/Info

Title:
Calculation method for 3D dynamic sight distance under the control of slope constraint
作者:
杨永红12夏元波1王杰聪1黄兰1
1华南理工大学亚热带建筑科学国家重点实验室, 广州 510641; 2长沙理工大学公路工程教育部重点实验室, 长沙 410114
Author(s):
Yang Yonghong12 Xia Yuanbo1 Wang Jiecong1 Huang Lan1
1State Key Laboratory of Subtropical Building Science, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou 510641, China
2Key Laboratory of Highway Engineering of Ministry of Education, Changsha University of Science and Technology, Changsha 410114, China
关键词:
道路工程 三维动态视距计算模型 空间线形拟合 边坡约束 安全性评价
Keywords:
road engineering three-dimensional(3D)sight distance calculation model spatial alignment fitting slope constraint safety evaluation
分类号:
U412.3
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2020.05.026
摘要:
为实现已建道路线形的拟合,准确计算公路在右侧边坡约束下的三维动态视距,以道路弧长、水平方位角和竖直角为设计参数,建立基于样条曲线的公路三维线形计算模型,采用Gauss-Legendre求积公式实现中心线坐标的数值求解.基于路边界线特征点对路面和边坡进行三角构网,考虑边坡坡度和驾驶人视线高度,根据驾驶人视点、行车轨迹线与边界切平面的几何关系,提出了基于空间线形的三维动态视距计算模型,并推导出路段最小视距值求解方程.对某二级公路右转弯路段进行三维动态视距计算,并与平面横净距视距计算方法进行对比分析.研究发现,在凹型竖曲线路段,三维动态视距计算值大于横净距视距计算值;在凸型竖曲线路段,采用横净距进行视距检验存在安全风险,竖曲线半径安全阈值1/S1会随着驾驶人视线高度的降低而增大,平曲线半径安全阈值1/S2会随着竖曲线半径的增大而增大.
Abstract:
In order to achieve the fitting of the established road alignment and accurately calculate the three-dimensional(3D)dynamic sight distance of the highway under the constraint of the right side slope, the road length, horizontal azimuth and vertical angle were adopted as the design parameters. A 3D calculation model was established for highway alignment based on the spline curve. The Gauss-Legendre quadrature formula was used to achieve the highway centerline coordination. The pavement and slope triangulation network were setup based on the characteristic points of roadside lines, considering the geometric relationship among the height of the driver’s sightline, the driving trajectory and the tangent plane of the boundary. The 3D sight distance calculation model was proposed based on the spatial alignment, and the solving equation for the minimum value of sight distance was deduced. By the case of a two grade highway with a section of right turn, the 3D dynamic sight distance was calculated and compared with the calculation method for lateral clear distance. The results show that the 3D dynamic sight distance values are greater than that of the lateral clear distance in the section of the sag vertical curve. However, there are safety risks for adopting the lateral clear distance auditing in the section of the crest vertical curve.The safety threshold of the crest vertical curve radius 1/S1 decreases with the decrease of the driver’s sightline height, while the safety threshold of horizontal curve radius 1/S2 increases with the increase of the vertical curve radius.

参考文献/References:

[1] 周荣贵,孙家凤,李冰,等.一级公路路侧干扰对运行速度的影响研究[J].中国公路学报,2010,23(S2):69-72,98.DOI:10.19721/j.cnki.1001-7372.2010.s2.013.
Zhou R G,Sun J F,Li B,et al.Study of influence of roadside interference on operating speed for the first class highway[J].China Journal of Highway and Transport,2010,23(S2):69-72,98.DOI:10.19721/j.cnki.1001-7372.2010.s2.013. (in Chinese)
[2] Malhotra N,Charlton S,Starkey N,et al.Driving speed choice:The role of conscious monitoring and control(reinvestment)when driving[J].Transportation Research Part F:Traffic Psychology and Behaviour,2018,57:115-128.DOI:10.1016/j.trf.2017.06.006.
[3] Kuhn W,Jha M K.Methodology for checking shortcomings in three-dimensional alignment[J].Transportation Research Record:Journal of the Transportation Research Board,2011,2262:13-21.DOI:10.3141/2262-02.
[4] Jha M K,Karri G A K,Kuhn W.New three-dimensional highway design methodology for sight distance measurement[J].Transportation Research Record:Journal of the Transportation Research Board,2011,2262:74-82.DOI:10.3141/2262-08.
[5] Liao J H,Shao C F,Zhang G Q,et al.New algorithm for fitting 3D highway alignment from geometric data[C]//2010 3rd International Congress on Image and Signal Processing.Yantai,China, 2010:2601-2605.DOI:10.1109/CISP.2010.5648221.
[6] 葛婷,符锌砂,李海峰,等.公路三维线形设计及约束建模[J].华南理工大学学报(自然科学版),2016,44(8):91-97,105.DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1000-565X.2016.08.014.
Ge T,Fu X S,Li H F,et al.Three-dimensional highway alignment design and constraints modeling[J].Journal of South China University of Technology(Natural Science Edition),2016,44(8):91-97,105.DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1000-565X.2016.08.014. (in Chinese)
[7] Psarianos B,Mavromatis S.Continuous three-dimensional stopping sight distance control on crest vertical curves[J].Advances in Transportation Studies,2012:17-30.DOI:10.4399/97888548567143.
[8] Amiridis K,Psarianos B,Stamatiadis N.Generic methodology for 3-D available sight distance calculation[C]//International Conference on Transportation and Development 2016.Houston,Texas,USA,2016:932-944.DOI:10.1061/9780784479926.084.
[9] Kim D G,Lovell D J.A procedure for 3-D sight distance evaluation using thin plate splines[C]//4th International Symposium of Highway Geometric Design.Valencia,Spain,2010:1-21.
[10]Moreno A T,Ferrer V,Garcia A.Evaluation of 3D coordination to maximize available stopping sight distance in two-lane rural highways[J].The Baltic Journal of Road and Bridge Engineering,2014,9(2):94-100.DOI:10.3846/bjrbe.2014.12.
[11] Mavromatis S,Mertzanis F,Kleioutis G,et al.Three-dimensional stopping sight distance control on passing lanes of divided highways[J].European Transport Research Review,2016,8(1):1-10.DOI:10.1007/s12544-016-0196-6.
[12] 刘向阳,周淼,郭腾峰.公路行车视距分析与验证[J].中国公路学报,2010,23(S1):36-41.DOI:10.19721/j.cnki.1001-7372.2010.s1.007.
Liu X Y,Zhou M,Guo T F.Analysis and verification of highway sight distance[J].China Journal of Highway and Transport,2010,23(S1):36-41.DOI:10.19721/j.cnki.1001-7372.2010.s1.007. (in Chinese)
[13] 廖军洪.高速公路连续长大下坡路段线形优化理论与方法研究[D].北京:北京交通大学,2016.
  Liao J H.Research on highway alignment optimization methods of long steep downgrades on expressway[D].Beijing:Beijing Jiaotong University,2016.(in Chinese)
[14] 杨帆,白浩晨,贺亚龙,等.高速公路中央分隔带停车视距评价方法研究[J].公路交通科技,2018,35(6):45-51.DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1002-0268.2018.06.007.
Yang F,Bai H C,He Y L,et al.Study on method of evaluating stopping sight distance of Median strip in expressway[J].Journal of Highway and Transportation Research and Development,2018,35(6):45-51.DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1002-0268.2018.06.007. (in Chinese)
[15] 马羊.驾驶员动态视觉数据化仿真算法研究[D].南京:东南大学,2017.
  Ma Y.Research on the algorithm for digitized simulation of driver’s dynamic vision[D].Nanjing:Southeast University,2017.(in Chinese)
[16] 陈雨人,付云天,汪凡.基于支持向量回归的视距计算模型建立和应用[J].中国公路学报,2018,31(4):105-113.DOI:10.19721/j.cnki.1001-7372.2018.04.013.
Chen Y R,Fu Y T,Wang F.Establishment and application of sight distance computing model based on support vector regression[J].China Journal of Highway and Transport,2018,31(4):105-113.DOI:10.19721/j.cnki.1001-7372.2018.04.013. (in Chinese)
[17] 刘浪,白彬,燕南,等.基于驾驶员视认性的山区双车道公路交叉口停车视距计算[J].重庆交通大学学报(自然科学版),2017,36(5):98-103.DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1674-0696.2017.05.17.
Liu L,Bai B,Yan N,et al.Calculation on stopping sight distance of two-lane mountainous highway intersection based on driver’s visual characteristics[J].Journal of Chongqing Jiaotong University(Natural Science),2017,36(5):98-103.DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1674-0696.2017.05.17. (in Chinese)
[18] 薛晓姣.BIM环境下公路三维可视性分析模型研究与开发[D].西安:长安大学,2019.
  Xue X J.Research and development of highway 3D visibility analysis model in BIM environment[D].Xi’an:Changan University,2019.(in Chinese)
[19] 符锌砂,葛婷,李海峰,等.基于公路三维线形几何特性的行车安全分析[J].中国公路学报,2015,28(9):24-29.DOI:10.19721/j.cnki.1001-7372.2015.09.004.
Fu X S,Ge T,Li H F,et al.Traffic safety analysis based on geometric properties of highway three-dimensional alignment[J].China Journal of Highway and Transport,2015,28(9):24-29.DOI:10.19721/j.cnki.1001-7372.2015.09.004. (in Chinese)

相似文献/References:

[1]魏建军,邢姣秀,付智.行车荷载引起桥梁振动对修复混凝土性能影响[J].东南大学学报(自然科学版),2010,40(5):1057.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2010.05.033]
 Wei Jianjun,Xing Jiaoxiu,Fu Zhi.Effect of traffic load induced bridge vibrations on concrete tensile properties[J].Journal of Southeast University (Natural Science Edition),2010,40(5):1057.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2010.05.033]
[2]倪富健,成晟,顾兴宇,等.路面结构的动态谱元分析[J].东南大学学报(自然科学版),2010,40(3):575.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2010.03.027]
 Ni Fujian,Cheng Sheng,Gu Xingyu,et al.Spectral element analysis of dynamic pavement structure response[J].Journal of Southeast University (Natural Science Edition),2010,40(5):575.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2010.03.027]
[3]马涛,张道义,黄晓明.SBS改性沥青抽提回收影响因素及改进方案[J].东南大学学报(自然科学版),2008,38(5):811.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2008.05.014]
 Ma Tao,Zhang Daoyi,Huang Xiaoming.Influential factors and improvement of extraction and recovery of SBS modified asphalt[J].Journal of Southeast University (Natural Science Edition),2008,38(5):811.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2008.05.014]
[4]黄宝涛,廖公云,张静芳.半刚性基层沥青路面层间接触临界状态值的计算方法[J].东南大学学报(自然科学版),2007,37(4):666.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2007.04.024]
 Huang Baotao,Liao Gongyun,Zhang Jingfang.Analytical method of interlayer contact fettle in semi-rigid-base bituminous pavement[J].Journal of Southeast University (Natural Science Edition),2007,37(5):666.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2007.04.024]
[5]陈俊,黄晓明.采用离散元方法评价集料的骨架结构[J].东南大学学报(自然科学版),2012,42(4):761.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2012.04.035]
 Chen Jun,Huang Xiaoming.Evaluation of aggregate skeleton structure using the discrete element method[J].Journal of Southeast University (Natural Science Edition),2012,42(5):761.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2012.04.035]
[6]孙志林,黄晓明.沥青路面线性疲劳损伤特性及形变规律[J].东南大学学报(自然科学版),2012,42(3):521.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2012.03.025]
 Sun Zhilin,Huang Xiaoming.Linear fatigue damage characteristics and deformation law of asphalt pavement[J].Journal of Southeast University (Natural Science Edition),2012,42(5):521.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2012.03.025]
[7]王艳,倪富健,李再新.水泥稳定碎石基层温缩性能试验及预估控制[J].东南大学学报(自然科学版),2008,38(2):260.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2008.02.015]
 Wang Yan,Ni Fujian,Li Zaixin.Test and estimate control on temperature shrinkage performance of cement-treated macadam[J].Journal of Southeast University (Natural Science Edition),2008,38(5):260.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2008.02.015]
[8]李志栋,黄晓明,岳学军.半刚性基层沥青路面非连续结构强迫振动声效[J].东南大学学报(自然科学版),2011,41(6):1277.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2011.06.028]
 Li Zhidong,Huang Xiaoming,Yue Xuejun.Sound analysis of forced vibration feature of discontinuous structure in semi-rigid base asphalt pavement[J].Journal of Southeast University (Natural Science Edition),2011,41(5):1277.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2011.06.028]
[9]孙璐,辛宪涛,任皎龙.纳米改性沥青混合料路用性能[J].东南大学学报(自然科学版),2013,43(4):873.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2013.04.037]
 Sun Lu,Xin Xiantao,Ren Jiaolong.Pavement performance of nanomaterial modified asphalt mixture[J].Journal of Southeast University (Natural Science Edition),2013,43(5):873.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2013.04.037]
[10]陈俊,黄晓明.路面加铺后旧沥青混合料的疲劳性能[J].东南大学学报(自然科学版),2008,38(3):516.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2008.03.030]
 Chen Jun,Huang Xiaoming.Fatigue performance of old pavement asphalt mixtures after overlay[J].Journal of Southeast University (Natural Science Edition),2008,38(5):516.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2008.03.030]

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期: 2020-03-10.
作者简介: 杨永红(1977─),女,博士,副教授,yangyh@scut.edu.cn.
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金资助项目(51508204)、亚热带建筑科学国家重点实验室开放课题资助项目(2018ZB32)、长沙理工大学公路工程教育部重点实验室开放基金资助项目(kfj190201).
引用本文: 杨永红,夏元波,王杰聪,等.边坡约束条件下的三维动态视距计算方法[J].东南大学学报(自然科学版),2020,50(5):983-990. DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2020.05.026.
更新日期/Last Update: 2020-09-20