[1]程方奎,巩子傲,汪思宇,等.农村生活污水低耗资源化处理工艺应用[J].东南大学学报(自然科学版),2020,50(6):1076-1083.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2020.06.012]
 Cheng Fangkui,Gong Ziao,Wang Siyu,et al.Application of low-consumption resource-recovery process for rural domestic sewage treatment[J].Journal of Southeast University (Natural Science Edition),2020,50(6):1076-1083.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2020.06.012]
点击复制

农村生活污水低耗资源化处理工艺应用()
分享到:

《东南大学学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:1001-0505/CN:32-1178/N]

卷:
50
期数:
2020年第6期
页码:
1076-1083
栏目:
环境科学与工程
出版日期:
2020-11-20

文章信息/Info

Title:
Application of low-consumption resource-recovery process for rural domestic sewage treatment
作者:
程方奎巩子傲汪思宇温仓祥吕锡武
东南大学能源与环境学院, 南京 210096; 无锡太湖水环境工程研究中心, 无锡 214135
Author(s):
Cheng Fangkui Gong Zi’ao Wang Siyu Wen Cangxiang Lü Xiwu
School of Energy and Environment, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096, China
Engineering Research Centre of Taihu Lake Water Environment, Wuxi 214135, China
关键词:
农村生活污水 灰黑分离 生物生态组合处理 资源回收
Keywords:
rural domestic sewage grey and black water separation biological and ecological coupled treatment resource recovery
分类号:
X799.3
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2020.06.012
摘要:
根据农村生活污水处理技术需求,提出了灰黑分离初级处理与收集(SSPC)模式,设计并建成采用厌氧滤池(AF)-缺氧滤池(ANF)-水车驱动生物转盘(WDRBC)-蔬菜人工湿地(VCW)工艺的处理工程.工程运行监测结果表明,SSPC模式可有效减轻进入末端处理设施的污染负荷,进而减小处理设施建设和运行成本.处理工艺的污染物削减分布显示,生物处理段化学需氧量(COD)去除率可达73%,生态处理段总磷(TP)去除率可达70%,出水总氮(TN)质量浓度降低到13.9 mg/L.工程出水水质稳定达到地方排放标准,并且蔬菜人工湿地实现了农村生活污水营养物原位资源化.工程运行达到生物单元重点去除有机物,生态单元资源化利用氮磷的功能定位.该应用为农村生活污水提供了灰黑分离模式及低耗资源化处理工艺的示范.
Abstract:
Based on the technical requirements of rural domestic sewage treatment, source separation(grey and black water separation)pretreatment and collection(SSPC)mode was proposed. The biological and ecological coupled treatment based on the mode was designed and built up for the treatment process of anaerobic filter(AF), anoxic filter(ANF), waterwheel driving rotating biological contactors(WDRBC), and vegetable constructed wetland(VCW). The monitored results show that the SSPC mode can effectively reduce the pollutant load towards the terminal biological and ecological coupled treatment facilities, thus reducing the construction and operation costs. The pollutant reduction distribution demonstrates that the removal rate of chemical oxygen demand(COD)in the biological treatment section reaches 73%, and that of total phosphorus(TP)in the ecological treatment section reaches 70%, and the total nitrogen(TN)concentration in the effluent decreases to 13.9 mg/L. The effluent quality stably meets the local discharge standards. Meanwhile, the onsite nutrient recovery by the vegetable planting is realized. The process achieves the goal that organic matter is removed in biological unit and nutrients are recovered in the ecological unit. The application provides a demonstration of a grey and black water separation mode and a low-consumption and resource-recovery treatment process for the rural domestic sewage management.

参考文献/References:

[1] 中华人民共和国住房和城乡建设部.2016年中国城市农村建设统计年鉴[M].北京:中国统计出版社,2017.
[2] 司圣飞,陈永青,刘康怀.人工快渗处理城镇污水的优化技术研究[J].给水排水,2011,37(S1):235-238.
[3] 刘晓璐,牛宏斌,闫海,等.农村生活污水生态处理工艺研究与应用[J].农业工程学报,2013,29(9):184-191.
  Liu X L,Niu H B,Yan H,et al.Research and application of high-efficiency eco-engineering rural sewage treatment system[J].Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Engineering,2013,29(9):184-191.(in Chinese)
[4] Xu D,Xu J M,Wu J J,et al.Studies on the phosphorus sorption capacity of substrates used in constructed wetland systems[J].Chemosphere,2006,63(2):344-352.DOI:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2005.08.036.
[5] 吕锡武.可持续发展的农村生活污水生物生态组合治理技术[J].给水排水,2018,44(12):1-5.
[6] Morris M,Herbert R.The design and performance of a vertical flow reed bed for the treatment of high ammonia,low suspended solids organic effluents[J].Water Science and Technology,1997,35(5):197-204.DOI:10.1016/S0273-1223(97)00069-3.
[7] Guo X S,Liu Z H,Chen M X,et al.Decentralized wastewater treatment technologies and management in Chinese villages[J].Frontiers of Environmental Science & Engineering,2014,8(6):929-936.DOI:10.1007/s11783-013-0623-z.
[8] 许红超,戚高林,苑保鹏.农村水环境治理方法浅析[J].河南水利与南水北调,2010(3):18-19.
[9] 崔晨.陕南地区农村生活污水处理技术集成研究[D].西安:西北大学,2012.
  Cui C.Research on the integration of rural domestic sewage treatment technology in southern Shaanxi[D].Xi’an:Northwest University,2012.(in Chinese)
[10] Ren X L,Chen H B,Cheng Y,et al.Full-scale practice of domestic wastewater source separation and collection in a semicentralized treatment system:A case study[J].Water Science and Technology,2018,78(10):2193-2203.DOI:10.2166/wst.2018.505.
[11] Gao M J,Zhang L,Florentino A P,et al.Performance of anaerobic treatment of blackwater collected from different toilet Flushing systems:Can we achieve both energy recovery and water conservation?[J].Journal of Hazardous Materials,2019,365:44-52.DOI:10.1016/j.jhazmat.2018.10.055.
[12] Alsulaili A D,Hamoda M F.Quantification and characterization of greywater from schools[J].Water Science and Technology,2015,72(11):1973-1980.DOI:10.2166/wst.2015.408.
[13] 苑丹丹,付为国,李萍萍.不同配置人工湿地系统农村生活污水处理效果[J].工业安全与环保,2010,36(8):1-2,7.
  Yuan D D,Fu W G,Li P P.Treatment of rural domestic sewage in different compound constructed wetlands[J].Industrial Safety and Environmental Protection,2010,36(8):1-2,7.(in Chinese)
[14] 李松,单胜道,曾林慧,等.人工湿地/稳定塘工艺处理农村生活污水[J].中国给水排水,2008,24(10):67-69.
  Li S,Shan S D,Zeng L H,et al.Treatment of rural domestic sewage by constructed wetland/stabilization pond process[J].China Water & Wastewater,2008,24(10):67-69.(in Chinese)
[15] 李先宁,吕锡武,孔海南,等.农村生活污水处理技术与示范工程研究[J].中国水利,2006(17):19-22.
  Li X N,Lü X W,Kong H N,et al.Research on rural sewage treatment techniques and application in demonstration projects[J].China Water Resources,2006(17):19-22.(in Chinese)
[16] 胡志宏,李远广.甘肃省高速公路服务区生活污水处理组合技术研究与设计[J].交通建设与管理,2009,29(9):75-79.
[17] Thibodeau C,Monette F,Glaus M.Comparison of development scenarios of a black water source-separation sanitation system using life cycle assessment and environmental life cycle costing[J].Resources,Conservation and Recycling,2014,92:38-54.DOI:10.1016/j.resconrec.2014.08.004.
[18] 李娟红.分散式生活污水产甲烷反硝化除臭生物生态耦合工艺及机理研究[D].南京:东南大学,2018.
  Li J H.Research on the performance and mechanism of methane production,denitrification and deodorization in bioecological process of decentralized domestic wastewater treatment[D].Nanjing:Southeast University,2018.(in Chinese)
[19] Zha X,Ma J,Lu X W.Performance of a coupling device combined energy-efficient rotating biological contactors with anoxic filter for low-strength rural wastewater treatment[J].Journal of Cleaner Production,2018,196:1106-1115.DOI:10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.06.138.
[20] 李洁.经济作物型人工湿地对农村生活污水氮磷去除特性的研究[D].南京:东南大学,2015.
  Li J.Study on nitrogen and phosphorus removal characteristics of constructed wetlands with economic plants treating rural wastewater[D].Nanjing:Southeast University,2015.(in Chinese)
[21] 魏复盛,国家环境保护总局,水和废水监测分析方法编委会.水和废水监测分析方法[M].4版.北京:中国环境科学出版社,2002.
[22] Zha X,Ma J,Tsapekos P.Evaluation of an anaerobic baffled reactor for pretreating black water:Potential application in rural China[J].Journal of Environmental Management,2019,251:109599.DOI:10.1016/j.jenvman.2019.109599.
[23] 徐洪斌,吕锡武,李先宁,等.太湖流域农村生活污水污染现状调查研究[J].农业环境科学学报,2007,26(S2):375-378.
  Xu H B,Lü X W,Li X N,et al.A survey on village sewage pollution in a zone of Tai lake[J].Journal of Agro-Environment Science,2007,26(S2):375-378.(in Chinese)
[24] 杨子萱,吕锡武.加气混凝土处理含磷废水的试验研究[J].中国给水排水,2019,35(15):110-116.DOI:10.19853/j.zgjsps.1000-4602.2019.15.023.
Yang Z X,Lü X W.Treatment of phosphorus wastewater by autoclaved aerated concrete[J].China Water & Wastewater,2019,35(15):110-116.DOI:10.19853/j.zgjsps.1000-4602.2019.15.023. (in Chinese)
[25] 孔赟,朱光灿,张亚平,等.农村生活污水处理工艺综合效能评估[J].东南大学学报(自然科学版),2012,42(3):473-477.
  Kong Y,Zhu G C,Zhang Y P,et al.Comprehensive performance evaluation on domestic sewage treatment facilities[J].Journal of Southeast University(Natural Science Edition),2012,42(3):473-477.(in Chinese)

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期: 2020-05-01.
作者简介: 程方奎(1990—),男,博士生;吕锡武(联系人),男,博士,教授,博士生导师,xiwulu@seu.edu.cn.
基金项目: “十三五”国家水体污染控制与治理科技重大专项资助项目(2017ZX07202004-002).
引用本文: 程方奎,巩子傲,汪思宇,等.农村生活污水低耗资源化处理工艺应用[J].东南大学学报(自然科学版),2020,50(6):1076-1083. DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2020.06.012.
更新日期/Last Update: 2020-11-20