[1]梁勇,成升魁,闵庆文.城市交通生态占用研究——以北京市为例[J].东南大学学报(自然科学版),2005,35(3):484-488.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2005.03.034]
 Liang Yong,Cheng Shengkui,Min Qingwen.Ecological footprint of urban transportation: a case study of Beijing city[J].Journal of Southeast University (Natural Science Edition),2005,35(3):484-488.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2005.03.034]
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城市交通生态占用研究——以北京市为例()
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《东南大学学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:1001-0505/CN:32-1178/N]

卷:
35
期数:
2005年第3期
页码:
484-488
栏目:
环境科学与工程
出版日期:
2005-05-20

文章信息/Info

Title:
Ecological footprint of urban transportation: a case study of Beijing city
作者:
梁勇 成升魁 闵庆文
中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京 100101
Author(s):
Liang Yong Cheng Shengkui Min Qingwen
Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
关键词:
城市交通 生态占用 可持续交通 北京市
Keywords:
urban transportation ecological footprint sustainable transportation Beijing city
分类号:
X831
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2005.03.034
摘要:
为了反映城市不同交通工具对自然生态环境产生的压力和影响程度,基于生态占用理论和方法,计算了2002年北京市公共电汽车、地铁、轻轨、出租车、小公共汽车和私家车等主要交通工具的生态占用.结果表明:私家车生态占用约为7.27×105 hm2; 出租车生态占用约为2.42×105 hm2; 公共电汽车生态占用约为1.59×105 hm2; 小公共汽车生态占用约为0.71×105 hm2; 地铁生态占用约为0.32×105 hm2; 轻轨生态占用约为0.23×105 hm2.私家车的人均生态占用是公共汽车人均生态占用的5.67倍.这证实私家车对生态环境的威胁和压力比公共交通工具对生态环境的威胁和压力大.优先发展城市公共交通,适度限制发展私人交通是实现城市交通可持续发展的必然选择.
Abstract:
In order to reflect the pressure and effect of human transportation activities on natural ecosystems, based on the theory and method of ecological footprint(EF)the paper calculates the EFs of public buses and trolley buses, subway, urban metro, taxis, small buses and private cars of Beijing city in 2002. The results show that the EFs of private cars, taxis, public buses and trolley buses, small buses, subway, and light rail are 7.27×105, 2.42×105, 1.59×105, 0.71×105, 0.32×105, and 0.23×105 hm2, respectively. The average EF of private cars is roughly 5.67 times larger than that of buses, which demonstrates that private cars have much more threats and pressures on eco-environment than public vehicles. Therefore, it is necessary to encourage the public transportation development preferentially and to restrict the private vehicles reasonably so as to achieve sustainable development of urban transportation.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
基金项目: 中国科学院知识创新工程重要方向性资助项目(KZCX2-SW-318-02-04).
作者简介: 梁勇(1977—),男,博士,liangy@igsnrr.ac.cn; 成升魁(联系人),男,研究员,博士生导师,chengskigsnrr.ac.cn.
更新日期/Last Update: 2005-05-20