[1]周竹萍,王炜,任刚,等.信号交叉口行人交通冲突特性及影响因素分析[J].东南大学学报(自然科学版),2014,44(6):1294-1298.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2014.06.035]
 Zhou Zhuping,Wang Wei,Ren Gang,et al.Analysis on characteristics and influential factors of pedestrian conflicts with vehicles at signalized intersections[J].Journal of Southeast University (Natural Science Edition),2014,44(6):1294-1298.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2014.06.035]
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信号交叉口行人交通冲突特性及影响因素分析()
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《东南大学学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:1001-0505/CN:32-1178/N]

卷:
44
期数:
2014年第6期
页码:
1294-1298
栏目:
交通运输工程
出版日期:
2014-11-20

文章信息/Info

Title:
Analysis on characteristics and influential factors of pedestrian conflicts with vehicles at signalized intersections
作者:
周竹萍1王炜2任刚2汤文3
1南京理工大学交通工程系, 南京210094; 2东南大学交通学院, 南京210096; 3江苏文光车辆附件有限公司, 丹阳212325
Author(s):
Zhou Zhuping1 Wang Wei2 Ren Gang2 Tang Wen3
1Department of Traffic Engineering, Nanjing University of Science and Technology, Nanjing 210094, China
2School of Transportation, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096, China
3Jiangsu Wenguang Vehicle Accessories Co., Ltd., Danyang 212325, China
关键词:
交通工程 行人过街行为 交通冲突 严重性 违法率
Keywords:
traffic engineering pedestrian crossing behavior traffic conflict severity violation rate
分类号:
U491
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2014.06.035
摘要:
为减少行人交通冲突、有效避免交通事故,以信号交叉口的调查数据为基础,开展行人与机动车冲突特征和影响因素分析.在高峰时段,运用基于视频的人工观测法采集行人与机动车冲突数据,分析人车冲突的形式与类型.获取交通冲突表征指标,运用FCM聚类分析方法得出各类型交通冲突的严重性和危险度.在此基础上,进一步分析违法率、行人观察行为与行人冲突的相关性,发现违法率与行人交通冲突存在正向线性关系,而行人的观察行为能有效防止交通冲突的产生.
Abstract:
To reduce pedestrian conflicts and avoid traffic accidents, the pedestrian conflict characteristics and its influence factors are studied based on the survey data at signalized intersections. At the peak hour, by using the method of video-based observations to collect the conflict data between pedestrians and vehicles, the form, causes and types of the pedestrian conflicts are analyzed. The indicators of traffic conflict are collected, and the fuzzy C-means clustering method is used to obtain the severity and risk of different types of traffic conflicts. In addition, the correlation between violation rate and pedestrian conflicts and the correlation between observing behavior and pedestrian conflicts are also studied. It is found that there is a positive linear relationship between violation rate and pedestrian conflicts, and the pedestrian’s observing behavior can effectively avoid the occurrence of traffic conflicts.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期: 2014-05-27.
作者简介: 周竹萍(1985—),女,博士,讲师,jzp19850926@163.com.
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金资助项目(51308298)、住房和城乡建设部科学技术计划资助项目(2013-K5-20)、中国博士后科学基金资助项目(2014M561653)、江苏省产学研联合创新资金前瞻性联合研究资助项目(BY2013004-04).
引用本文: 周竹萍,王炜,任刚,等.信号交叉口行人交通冲突特性及影响因素分析[J].东南大学学报:自然科学版,2014,44(6):1294-1298. [doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2014.06.035]
更新日期/Last Update: 2014-11-20