[1]曾小强,陈晓平,梁财,等.温度对污泥流化床焚烧飞灰重金属迁移的影响[J].东南大学学报(自然科学版),2015,45(1):97-102.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2015.01.018]
 Zeng Xiaoqiang,Chen Xiaoping,Liang Cai,et al.Effect of temperature on migration of heavy metals in fly ash in a fluidized bed incinerator for sewage sludge[J].Journal of Southeast University (Natural Science Edition),2015,45(1):97-102.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2015.01.018]
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温度对污泥流化床焚烧飞灰重金属迁移的影响()
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《东南大学学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:1001-0505/CN:32-1178/N]

卷:
45
期数:
2015年第1期
页码:
97-102
栏目:
能源与动力工程
出版日期:
2015-01-20

文章信息/Info

Title:
Effect of temperature on migration of heavy metals in fly ash in a fluidized bed incinerator for sewage sludge
作者:
曾小强陈晓平梁财卜昌盛吴玮吴守城
东南大学能源热转换及其过程测控教育部重点实验室, 南京 210096; 东南大学能源与环境学院, 南京 210096
Author(s):
Zeng Xiaoqiang Chen Xiaoping Liang Cai Bu Changsheng Wu Wei Wu Shoucheng
Key Laboratory of Energy Thermal Conversion and Control of Ministry of Education, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096, China
School of Energy and Environment, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096, China
关键词:
污泥焚烧 飞灰 重金属 迁移富集
Keywords:
sewage sludge incineration fly ash heavy metals migration and enrichment
分类号:
TK124
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2015.01.018
摘要:
通过在城市污泥流化床焚烧炉炉膛出口及对流受热面处进行高温飞灰在线取样,以及对布袋除尘器飞灰在水平管式炉上进行不同温度下的煅烧试验,研究温度对焚烧飞灰中Cr,Mn,Ni,Cu,Zn,As,Cd和Pb 8种重金属迁移富集特性的影响.试验结果表明,飞灰的主要化学成分为SiO2,Fe2O3,CaO,Al2O3和P2O5.在流化床焚烧温度范围内,Mn,Cu,Cr,Ni和Zn没有经历挥发-冷凝,主要通过夹带富集于飞灰颗粒,它们在尾部烟道不同温度区域飞灰颗粒上的富集程度相当;在炉膛内挥发的Cd,As及其化合物在500~700 ℃和500~800 ℃之间大量富集于飞灰颗粒.Pb在焚烧炉内因生成氧化铅和铅酸盐等比较稳定的化合物而少量挥发.Zn的化合物与飞灰基体中的化合物发生反应,生成硅酸锌和铝酸锌等稳定的化合物,在一定程度上阻止Zn的挥发.
Abstract:
In order to examine the effect of temperature on migration and enrichment characteristics of heavy metals, including Cr, Mn, Ni, Cu, Zn, As, Cd, Pb, high-temperature fly ash sampling was carried out at the outlet of incinerator and convection heating surface of a fluidized bed incinerator for municipal sewage sludge. And the calcination of the bag filter ash was conducted in a horizontal tube furnace at different temperatures. Experimental results show that the main components of fly ash are SiO2, Fe2O3, CaO, Al2O3 and P2O5. In the temperature range of the fluidized bed incinerator, Mn, Cu, Cr, Ni and Zn do not experience the process of volatilization and condensation, and enrichments of these five heavy metals are approximately the same at different temperature ranges. Volatilized Cd, As and their compounds in the furnace are enriched in fly ash particles in 500 to 700 ℃ and 500 to 800 ℃. A small part of Pb volatilize in the incinerator since Pb mainly form stable substances such as lead oxide and plumbite. During the incineration of municipal sewage sludge, Zinc compounds react with compounds in the matrix of fly ash and form stable compounds such as zinc silicate and zinc aluminate, which prevent the volatilization of Zn to a certain degree.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期: 2014-08-26.
作者简介: 曾小强(1988—),男,硕士生;梁财(联系人),男,博士,副教授,博士生导师,liangc@seu.edu.cn.
引用本文: 曾小强,陈晓平,梁财,等.温度对污泥流化床焚烧飞灰重金属迁移的影响[J].东南大学学报:自然科学版,2015,45(1):97-102. [doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2015.01.018]
更新日期/Last Update: 2015-01-20