[1]王芳,孟丹,韩苗苗,等.采暖通风方式对室内外PM2.5浓度及其相关性的影响[J].东南大学学报(自然科学版),2017,47(5):950-955.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2017.05.018]
 Wang Fang,Meng Dan,Han Miaomiao,et al.Effect of heating and ventilating scenarios on indoor and outdoor PM2.5 mass concentrations and correlations[J].Journal of Southeast University (Natural Science Edition),2017,47(5):950-955.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2017.05.018]
点击复制

采暖通风方式对室内外PM2.5浓度及其相关性的影响()
分享到:

《东南大学学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:1001-0505/CN:32-1178/N]

卷:
47
期数:
2017年第5期
页码:
950-955
栏目:
能源与动力工程
出版日期:
2017-09-20

文章信息/Info

Title:
Effect of heating and ventilating scenarios on indoor and outdoor PM2.5 mass concentrations and correlations
作者:
王芳1孟丹2韩苗苗1李贺3
1南京理工大学能源与动力工程学院, 南京 210094; 2江苏省工程咨询中心, 南京 210003; 3东南大学土木工程学院, 南京 210009
Author(s):
Wang Fang1 Meng Dan2 Han Miaomiao1 Li He3
1School of Energy and Power Engineering, Nanjing University of Science and Technology, Nanjing 210094, China
2Jiangsu Engineering Consulting Center, Nanjing 210003, China
3School of Civil Engineering, Southeast University, Nanjing 210009, China
关键词:
采暖通风 室内 PM2.5 粒径分布 相关性
Keywords:
heating and ventilating indoor PM2.5 particulate size distribution correlation
分类号:
TU834.6
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2017.05.018
摘要:
为探究采暖通风方式对住宅室内外环境中PM2.5浓度及其相关性的影响,于2014—2015年冬季在南京市选取3种不同采暖通风方式的住宅(顶棚辐射供暖+24 h净化新风住宅H1;独立户式地暖住宅H2;无采暖住宅H3)进行了室内外颗粒物分粒径日平均质量浓度采样和PM2.5质量浓度逐时监测实验.实验结果显示,室内外颗粒物均以PM2.5为主,PM2.5/PM10的质量比高达74%以上,3处住宅室内外PM2.5浓度相关系数分别为0.840,0.825,0.923.H1室内PM2.5质量浓度水平最低,仅为室外的22.1%,且室内无粒径大于2.5 μm的颗粒物;H3室内PM2.5质量浓度水平最高,室内外PM2.5相关系数最高,且室内存在一定量粒径大于2.5 μm的颗粒物.夏热冬冷地区居民应改变传统的开窗通风模式,向净化新风系统转变,可有效降低室外大气污染对室内空气的干扰,保障室内空气品质.
Abstract:
To explore the effect of heating and ventilating scenarios on indoor and outdoor PM2.5 mass concentrations and correlations, particulate matter mass samples of different size distributions were collected in three different residential houses(H1 with ceiling radiation heating+24 h filtered fresh air supply system; H2 with household floor heating system; H3 without heating)in Nanjing in the winter of 2014 to 2015. Meanwhile, hourly indoor and outdoor PM2.5 mass concentrations were also monitored. Experimental results indicate that PM2.5 is the dominant pollutant for both indoor and outdoor air. The ratio of PM2.5 and PM10 is higher than 74% for both indoor and outdoor air. The correlation coefficients of PM2.5 mass concentrations between the indoor and the outdoor in the tested houses are 0.840, 0.825, and 0.923, respectively. The indoor PM2.5 mass concentrations in H1 are the lowest, and only 22.1% of outdoor PM2.5. Particulate matters in H1 is smaller than 2.5 μm. The indoor PM2.5 mass concentrations in H3 are the highest, and the correlation coefficient between indoor and outdoor PM2.5 in H3 is the highest as well. Particulate matters larger than 2.5 μm are found in H3. Residents in hot summer and cold winter zone are recommended to change their traditional ventilation mode(opening windows)to the organized and filtered fresh air supply system, thus it will help to prevent the ambient haze pollution on indoor air and improve the indoor air quality.

参考文献/References:

[1] Katsouyanni K, Touloumi G, Samoli E, et al. Confounding and effect modification in the short-term effects of ambient particles on total mortality: Results from 29 European cities within the APHEA2 project[J]. Epidemiology, 2001, 12(5): 521-531.
[2] Qiu H, Tian L W, Ho K F, et al. Air pollution and mortality: Effect modification by personal characteristics and specific cause of death in a case-only study[J]. Environmental Pollution, 2015, 199: 192-197. DOI:10.1016/j.envpol.2015.02.002.
[3] Samet J M, Dominici F, Curriero F C, et al. Fine particulate air pollution and mortality in 20 U.S. cities, 1987-1994[J]. The New England Journal of Medicine, 2000, 343(24): 1742-1749. DOI:10.1056/NEJM200012143432401.
[4] Limin S H, Takahashi H, Usup A D, et al. Impacts of haze in 2002 on social activity and human health in Palangka Raya[J]. Tropics, 2007, 16(3): 275-282. DOI:10.3759/tropics.16.275.
[5] 李红, 曾凡刚, 邵龙义, 等.可吸入颗粒物对人体健康危害的研究进展[J]. 环境与健康杂志, 2002, 19(1): 85-87. DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1001-5914.2002.01.066.
Li Hong, Zeng Fangang, Shao Longyi, et al. Current status of study on the human health effects of inhalable particulates[J]. Journal of Environmental and Health, 2002, 19(1): 85-87. DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1001-5914.2002.01.066. (in Chinese)
[6] Koponen I K, Asmi A, Keronen P, et al. Indoor air measurement campaign in Helsinki Finland 1999—the effect of outdoor air pollution on indoor air[J]. Atmospheric Environment, 2001, 35(8): 1465-1477. DOI:10.1016/s1352-2310(00)00338-1.
[7] Jenkins P L, Phillips T J, Mulberg E J, et al. Activity patterns of Californians: Use of and proximity to indoor pollutants sources [J]. Atmospheric Environment, 1992, 26A(12): 2141-2148. DOI:10.1016/0960-1686(92)90402-7.
[8] 高军, 房艳兵, 江畅兴, 等. 上海地区冬季住宅室内外颗粒物浓度的相关性[J]. 土木建筑与环境工程, 2014, 36(2): 110-114. DOI:10.11835/j.issn.1674-4764.2014.02.017.
Gao Jun, Fang Yanbing, Jiang Changxing, et al. Relationship between indoor and outdoor particulate matter concentrations in a residential building in winter of Shanghai[J]. Journal of Civil, Architectural & Environmental, 2014, 36(2): 110-114. DOI:10.11835/j.issn.1674-4764.2014.02.017. (in Chinese)
[9] Massey D, Masih J, Kulshrestha A, et al. Indoor/outdoor relationship of fine particles less than 2.5 μm(PM2.5)in residential homes locations in central Indian region[J]. Building and Environment, 2009, 44(10): 2037-2045. DOI:10.1016/j.buildenv.2009.02.010.
[10] Massey D, Kulshrestha A, Masih J, et al. Seasonal trends of PM10, PM5.0, PM2.5 & PM1.0 in indoor and outdoor environments of residential homes located in North-Central India[J]. Building and Environment, 2012, 47: 223-231. DOI:10.1016/j.buildenv.2011.07.018.
[11] Mohammad S H, Kazem N, Sasan F, et al. Indoor/outdoor relationships of PM10, PM2.5, and PM1 mass concentrations and their water-soluble ions in a retirement home and a school dormitory[J]. Atmospheric Environment, 2014, 82: 375-382.
[12] 施珊珊, 纪文静, 赵彬. 不同通风形式下住宅内细颗粒物质量浓度及室内暴露量的模拟及比较[J]. 暖通空调,2013,43(12): 34-38.
  Shi Shanshan, Ji Wenjing, Zhao Bin. Comparison of indoor concentration of and exposure to PM2.5 between residences with different ventilation modes based on simulation[J]. Journal of HV& AC, 2013, 43(12): 34-38.(in Chinese)
[13] 国家环境保护总局.HJ/T 167—2004室内环境空气质量监测技术规范[S]. 北京: 中国环境科学出版社, 2004.
[14] 环境保护部,国家质量监督检验检疫总局.GB 3095—2012 环境空气质量标准[S]. 北京: 中国环境科学出版社, 2012.
[15] Wang F, Meng D, Li X W, et al. Indoor-outdoor relationships of PM2.5 in four residential dwellings in winter in the Yangtze River Delta, China [J]. Environmental Pollution, 2016, 215: 280-289. DOI:10.1016/j.envpol.2016.05.023.
[16] 张振江, 赵若杰, 曹文文, 等. 天津市可吸入颗粒物及元素室内外相关性[J]. 中国环境科学,2013, 33(2): 357-364. DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1000-6923.2013.02.024.
Zhang Zhengjiang, Zhao Ruojie, Cao Wenwen, et al. Residential indoor-outdoor relationships of PM10 and elements in Tianjin[J]. China Environmental Science, 2013, 33(2): 357-364. DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1000-6923.2013.02.024. (in Chinese)

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期: 2016-12-04.
作者简介: 王芳(1979—),女,博士, 副教授, wfnust@126.com.
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金资助项目(51308295).
引用本文: 王芳,孟丹,韩苗苗,等.采暖通风方式对室内外PM2.5浓度及其相关性的影响[J].东南大学学报(自然科学版),2017,47(5):950-955. DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2017.05.018.
更新日期/Last Update: 2017-09-20