[1]邵将,颜克彤,姚君,等.头戴式AR界面目标符号的视觉搜索实验研究[J].东南大学学报(自然科学版),2020,50(1):20-25.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2020.01.003]
 Shao Jiang Yan Ketong Yao Jun Niu Yafeng Xue Chengqi Zhou Xiaozhou Zhu Zhaohua.Experimental study on visual search for aiming symbols in head-mounted AR system interface[J].Journal of Southeast University (Natural Science Edition),2020,50(1):20-25.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2020.01.003]
点击复制

头戴式AR界面目标符号的视觉搜索实验研究()
分享到:

《东南大学学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:1001-0505/CN:32-1178/N]

卷:
50
期数:
2020年第1期
页码:
20-25
栏目:
计算机科学与工程
出版日期:
2020-01-13

文章信息/Info

Title:
Experimental study on visual search for aiming symbols in head-mounted AR system interface
作者:
邵将1颜克彤1姚君1牛亚峰2薛澄岐2周小舟2朱兆华1
1中国矿业大学建筑与设计学院, 徐州 221116; 2东南大学机械工程学院, 南京 211189
Author(s):
Shao Jiang1 Yan Ketong1 Yao Jun1 Niu Yafeng2 Xue Chengqi2 Zhou Xiaozhou2 Zhu Zhaohua1
1School of Architecture and Design, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou 221116, China
2School of Mechanical Engineering, Southeast University, Nanjing 211189, China
关键词:
增强现实界面 界面交互 信息可视化 目标符号 线宽 不透明度
Keywords:
AR system interface interaction information visualization aiming symbols line width opacity
分类号:
TP391
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2020.01.003
摘要:
针对增强现实系统界面的信息呈现、图标符号设计可视化等问题,从界面信息编码的角度开展目标符号视觉搜索实验研究.针对飞行员头戴式增强现实系统界面,基于不透明度和线宽2种特征,进行了敌机、友机、僚机和不明飞机4种目标符号的视觉搜索实验设计.实验结果表明:在头戴式增强现实显示界面中,线宽大小对目标符号的视觉搜索有显著性影响;不透明度对目标搜索的反应时有显著影响,对正确率没有显著性影响;当采用2级或4级线宽时,目标符号的视觉搜索效果较好;3级线宽与另外3种线宽之间的反应时和正确率都有显著性差异,当采用3级线宽时,目标符号的正确率最低,反应时最长.实验数据与结论为增强现实界面符号可视化设计提供了科学依据.
Abstract:
Based on the information presentation in the AR(augmented reality)system interface and the design visualization of icons and symbols, an experimental study was conducted on the visual search for aiming symbols from the perspective of interface information coding. As for the pilot helmet mounted display(HMD)system interface and based on its two characteristics, opacity and line width, an experiment of the visual search for four aiming symbols(enemy, friend, wing, and unidentified aircraft)was designed. Experimental results show that, in the HMD system interface, the line width has significant influence on the visual search for aiming symbols; the opacity has a significant influence on response to target searching but no significant impact on the correct rate; when using level 2 or 4 line width, visual search for aiming symbols works best; when level 3 line width reacts with the other three, the correct rate is significantly different; when using level 3 line width, the correct rate of aiming symbols is the lowest with the longest response time. The experimental data and a conclusion provide a scientific basis for the design of aiming symbols in the AR system interface.

参考文献/References:

[1] Michalski R,Grobelny J,Karwowski W.The effects of graphical interface design characteristics on human-computer interaction task efficiency[J].International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics,2006,36(11):959-977.DOI:10.1016/j.ergon.2006.06.013.
[2] Luo S J,Zhou Y X.Effects of smartphone icon background shapes and figure/background area ratios on visual search performance and user preferences[J].Frontiers of Computer Science,2015,9(5):751-764.DOI:10.1007/s11704-014-4155-x.
[3] 李晶,郁舒兰,吴晓莉.人机界面形状特征编码对视觉认知绩效的影响[J].计算机辅助设计与图形学学报,2018,30(1):163-172,179.DOI:10.3724/SP.J.1089.2018.16101.
Li J,Yu S L,Wu X L.Effects of shape character encodings in the human-computer interface on visual cognitive performance[J].Journal of Computer-Aided Design & Computer Graphics,2018,30(1):163-172,179.DOI:10.3724/SP.J.1089.2018.16101. (in Chinese)
[4] Ahlstrom U,Arend L.Color usability on air traffic control displays[J].Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting,2005,49(1):93-97.DOI:10.1177/154193120504900121.
[5] Wu J H,Yuan Y F.Improving searching and reading performance:The effect of highlighting and text color coding[J].Information & Management,2003,40(7):617-637.DOI:10.1016/S0378-7206(02)00091-5.
[6] 张磊,庄达民.人机显示界面中的文字和位置编码[J].北京航空航天大学学报,2011,37(2):185-188.DOI:10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2011.02.011.
Zhang L,Zhuang D M.Text and position coding of human-machine display interface[J].Journal of Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics,2011,37(2):185-188.DOI:10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2011.02.011. (in Chinese)
[7] Lee D,Ko Y,Shen I,et al.Effect of light source,ambient illumination,character size and interline spacing on visual performance and visual fatigue with electronic paper displays[J].Displays,2011,32(1):1-7.DOI:10.1016/j.displa.2010.09.001.
[8] Doehler H U,Schmerwitz S,Lueken T.Visual-conformal display format for helicopter guidance[C]//20th Conference on Degraded Visual Environments—Enhanced,Synthetic,and External Vision Solutions.Baltimore,MD,USA,2014:90870J01-90870J12.DOI:10.1117/12.2052677.
[9] Ercoline W R,Self B P,Matthews R S J.Effects of three helmet-mounted display symbologies on unusual attitude recognition and recovery[J].Aviation,Space,and Environmental Medicine,2002,73(11):1053-1058.DOI:10.1053/apmr.2002.34818.
[10] Hosseini A,Lienkamp M.Enhancing telepresence during the teleoperation of road vehicles using HMD-based mixed reality[C]// 2016 IEEE Intelligent Vehicles Symposium.Gothenburg,Sweden,2016:1366-1373.DOI:10.1109/IVS.2016.7535568.
[11] 吴晓莉,薛澄岐,汤文成,等.雷达态势界面中目标搜索的视觉局限实验研究[J].东南大学学报(自然科学版),2014,44(6):1166-1170.DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2014.06.013.
Wu X L,Xue C Q,Tang W C,et al.Experimental study on visual limitation experiment of goal-seeking in radar situation-interface[J].Journal of Southeast University(Natural Science Edition),2014,44(6):1166-1170.DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2014.06.013(in Chinese)
[12] 王海燕,邵将,高岩,等.头盔瞄准界面的色彩设计[J].电光与控制,2016,23(6):64-67,76.
  Wang H Y,Shao J,Gao Y,et al.Color design of aiming interface for helmet-mounted display[J].Electronics Optics & Control,2016,23(6):64-67,76.(in Chinese)
[13] 叶坤武,包涵,魏思东.基于视觉注意力分配的飞机驾驶舱人机界面布局优化[J].南京航空航天大学学报,2018,50(3):416-421.DOI:10.16356/j.1005-2615.2018.03.019.
Ye K W,Bao H,Wei S D.Layout optimization for aircraft cockpit man-machine interface based on visual attention distribution[J].Journal of Nanjing University of Aeronautics & Astronautics,2018,50(3):416-421.DOI:10.16356/j.1005-2615.2018.03.019. (in Chinese)
[14] 王海燕,卞婷,薛澄岐.新一代战斗机显控界面布局设计研究[J].电子机械工程,2011,27(4):57-61.DOI:10.19659/j.issn.1008-5300.2011.04.016.
Wang H Y,Bian T,Xue C Q.Layout design of display interface for a new generation fighter[J].Electro-Mechanical Engineering,2011,27(4):57-61.DOI:10.19659/j.issn.1008-5300.2011.04.016. (in Chinese)
[15] Post D L,Geiselman E E,Goodyear C D.Benefits of color coding weapons symbology for an airborne helmet-mounted display[J].Human Factors:the Journal of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society,1999,41(4):515-523.DOI:10.1518/001872099779656798.
[16] 张慧姝,庄达民,马丁,等.飞机座舱显示界面目标图符的设计和评价[J].包装工程,2011,32(10):89-92.DOI:10.19554/j.cnki.1001-3563.2011.10.026.
Zhang H S,Zhuang D M,Ma D,et al.Design and evaluation of target icons of the cockpit display interface[J].Packaging Engineering,2011,32(10):89-92.DOI:10.19554/j.cnki.1001-3563.2011.10.026. (in Chinese)

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期: 2019-07-07.
作者简介: 邵将(1988—),男,博士,讲师,shaojiang@cumt.edu.cn.
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金资助项目(71801037)、徐州市应用基础研究计划资助项目(KC17071).
引用本文: 邵将,颜克彤,姚君,等.头戴式AR界面目标符号的视觉搜索实验研究[J].东南大学学报(自然科学版),2020,50(1):20-25. DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2020.01.003.
更新日期/Last Update: 2020-01-20